Mécanique Aviation TRAction (abbreviated as Matra) was a French industrial consortium, offering a wide range of products in the field of aerospace, weaponry and automobiles. It was founded in 1964 by Jean-Luc Lagardère by consolidating several other corporations that he owned.

Matra Automobiles came into being when they bought out Automobiles René Bonnet. The company (led by young designer Gérard Ducarouge) had successful Formula 2 and 3 models running by 1966, and in 1967 an F2 Matra MS7 with ballast added (to meet the minimum weight for Formula One) turned competitive times in races. Matra designed a test-bed Formula One car, the Cosworth DFV-engined MS9, to research an entry into that series. The data gleaned led to construction of the Matra MS10, but the car wasn't ready for the start of the 1968 season. Jackie Stewart drove the MS9 in the 1968 South African Grand Prix, qualifying third, but retired with engine failure. Stewart drove the MS10 for the remainder of 1968, but despite missing two races with a broken wrist, and driving with a cast for several more, he managed to win three races and finish second in the championship.

In 1969, Stewart won the season opener in the MS10, then won five more races with the new MS80 to win the championship for both himself and Matra. Matra was on top of the world, but to them it was tarnished by the use of a British engine in the car. Stewart and his team owner, Ken Tyrrell, were given a choice: they could continue to use the Matra chassis, but only with the V12 Matra engine. Or they could find another deal somewhere else. Stewart felt that the Matra engine was inferior to the Cosworth, so he and Tyrrell chose to walk. Matra was never again a dominant (or race-winning) marque, and the F1 team was shut down after the 1972 season. Tyrrell eventually built his own car, inspired by the MS80, and driving that car Stewart dominated F1 for the next three years.

But Matra did not leave racing. They had become one of the dominant sports car teams in the early 70s, and development of the engine continued. In 1975, they struck a deal with the US Shadow team, where they would construct a version of their current DN5 model, to accept the Matra V12. Known as the Shadow DN7, it was driven by Jean-Pierre Jarier for two races late in the season, retiring with ignition and fuel pump problems, respectively. Matra then announced that the engines would be used to power the new all-French Ligier team in 1976, so Shadow dropped their participation in the project.

Formula One Records[edit | edit source]

Team Names[edit | edit source]

Years Name
19671968 Matra Sports
19681969 Matra International
1970 Equipe Matra Elf
1971 Equipe Matra Sports
1972 Equipe Matra

Constructor results[edit | edit source]

Year Cars Engines Tires Drivers Rounds WCC Points WCC Pos. Report
1966 MS5 Ford Cosworth SCA L4 1.0 D France Jean-Pierre Beltoise 6 0 NC Report
France Jo Schlesser 6
1967 MS7 Ford Cosworth FVA L4 1.5 D France Jean-Pierre Beltoise 2, 10-11 0 NC Report
France Johnny Servoz-Gavin 2
1968 MS7
MS9
MS10
MS11
Ford Cosworth FVA L4 1.5
Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0
D United Kingdom Jackie Stewart 1, 4-12 45 3rd Report
France Johnny Servoz-Gavin 3, 9-10, 12
France Jean-Pierre Beltoise 1-2
MS9 V12 3.0 3-12 8 9th
France Henri Pescarolo 10-12
1969 MS10
MS80
MS84
Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 D United Kingdom Jackie Stewart All 66 1st Report
France Jean-Pierre Beltoise All
France Johnny Servoz-Gavin 9-11
MS7 Ford Cosworth FVA L4 1.5 7
France Henri Pescarolo 7
1970 MS120 MS12 V12 3.0 G France Jean-Pierre Beltoise All 23 7th Report
France Henri Pescarolo All
1971 MS120B MS71 V12 3.0 G France Jean-Pierre Beltoise 2-6, 10-11 9 7th Report
New Zealand Chris Amon 1-7, 9-11
1972 MS120C
MS120D
MS72 V12 3.0 G New Zealand Chris Amon All 12 8th Report

Private entreats[edit | edit source]

Year Entreats Cars Engines Tires Drivers Rounds
1966 Ken Tyrrell Racing MS5 Ford Cosworth SCA L4 1.0 D Belgium Jacky Ickx 6
BRM P80 L4 1.0 Germany Hubert Hahne 6
1967 Ecurie Ford-France MS5 Ford Cosworth FVA L4 1.5 D France Jo Schlesser 7
Tyrrell Racing Organisation MS7 Belgium Jacky Ickx 7

Engine results[edit | edit source]

Complete Formula One Results[edit | edit source]

Complete Formula One results
Driver Car 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 WCC
Pts
WCC
Pos
1967 Flag of South Africa 1928-1994.svg Flag of Monaco.svg Flag of the Netherlands.svg Flag of Belgium.svg Flag of France.svg Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Flag of Germany.svg Flag of Canada.svg Flag of Italy.svg Flag of the United States.svg Flag of Mexico 1934-1968.svg
France Beltoise MS7 DNQ 7th 7th 0 NC
France Servoz-Gavin Ret
1968 Flag of South Africa 1928-1994.svg Flag of Spain 1945 1977.svg Flag of Monaco.svg Flag of Belgium.svg Flag of the Netherlands.svg Flag of France.svg Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Flag of Germany.svg Flag of Italy.svg Flag of Canada.svg Flag of the United States.svg Flag of Mexico.svg
United Kingdom Stewart MS7
MS9
MS10
MS11
Ret 4th 1st 3rd 6th 1st Ret 6th 1st 7th 45
8
3rd
9th
France Beltoise 6th 5th Ret 8th 2nd 9th Ret Ret 5th Ret Ret Ret
France Servoz-Gavin Ret 2nd Ret Ret
France Pescarolo Ret DNS 9th
1969 Flag of South Africa 1928-1994.svg Flag of Spain 1945 1977.svg Flag of Monaco.svg Flag of the Netherlands.svg Flag of France.svg Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Flag of Germany.svg Flag of Italy.svg Flag of Canada.svg Flag of the United States.svg Flag of Mexico.svg
United Kingdom Stewart MS10
MS80
MS84
1st 1st Ret 1st 1st 1st 2nd 1st Ret Ret 4th 66 1st
France Beltoise 6th 3rd Ret 8th 2nd 9th 12th 3rd 4th Ret 5th
France Servoz-Gavin 6th NC 8th
1970 Flag of South Africa 1928-1994.svg Flag of Spain 1945 1977.svg Flag of Monaco.svg Flag of Belgium.svg Flag of the Netherlands.svg Flag of France.svg Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Flag of Germany.svg Flag of Austria.svg Flag of Italy.svg Flag of Canada.svg Flag of the United States.svg Flag of Mexico.svg
France Beltoise MS120 4th Ret Ret 3rd 5th 13th Ret Ret 6th 3rd 8th Ret 5th 23 6th
France Pescarolo 7th Ret 3rd 6th 8th 5th Ret 6th 14th Ret 7th 8th 9th
1971 Flag of South Africa 1928-1994.svg Flag of Spain 1945 1977.svg Flag of Monaco.svg Flag of the Netherlands.svg Flag of France.svg Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Flag of Germany.svg Flag of Austria.svg Flag of Italy.svg Flag of Canada.svg Flag of the United States.svg
France Beltoise MS120B 6th Ret 9th 7th 7th Ret 8th 9 7th
New Zealand Amon 5th 3rd Ret Ret 5th Ret Ret 6th 10th 12th
1972 Flag of Argentina.svg Flag of South Africa 1928-1994.svg Flag of Spain 1945 1977.svg Flag of Monaco.svg Flag of Belgium.svg Flag of France.svg Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Flag of Germany.svg Flag of Austria.svg Flag of Italy.svg Flag of Canada.svg Flag of the United States.svg
New Zealand Amon MS120C
MS120D
Ret 15th Ret 6th 6th 3rd 4th 15th 5th Ret 6th 15th 12 8th
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