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Formula 1 Wiki

The Marina Bay Street Circuit is a street circuit, and it is the current venue for the Singapore Grand Prix. It wraps partway around Marina Bay, similar to Circuit de Monaco and the former Valencia Street Circuit. The circuit is notable for staging the race entirely after sunset, becoming the first circuit to host nighttime races in Formula One history.

The circuit also has an unusual record of having at least one safety car appearance in every race to date.

Circuit History[]

A Formula Libre Singapore Grand Prix was held in the sixties and early seventies on a road circuit, in a wooded area on the northern part of the island. The race was discontinued for a variety of reasons, but more than 30 years later interests in Singapore had noticed the global appeal of modern Formula One, and communicated their interest in hosting a race.

The circuit was created for hosting a Grand Prix as a promotional event for Singapore. Hermann Tilke submitted an initial design for the circuit, but the contractor KBR made minor changes to the final configuration. Construction on the pit complex and other portions of the track was started in mid 2007, and after a resurfacing project the following spring, an inspection certified the track for racing.

Circuit Layouts[]

Previous Layouts[]



2008 layout

The pit complex was constructed along the west shore of the Geylang River, just north from where it forks from the Singapore River, on undeveloped parkland. This section is partly under a bridge over the Geylang, known as the Benjamin Sheares Flyover. The track is actually a hybrid, with about 25% of the circuit having been custom built for the race, and the other 75% on city streets.

Along the 12 km straight are grandstands between the track and river, and a large pit/media building to the inland side. At the end of the pit straight, the cars hit a three corner complex. Turn 1 was moderately tight left hander, followed immediately by Turn 2, a sweeping right. Turn 2 ends at the beginning of Turn 3, a sharp, 135° left hand hairpin. At this point the circuit has entered onto city streets, heading south on Republic Blvd., which roughly parallels the pit straight. After a short, gently bending straight (the bend is called Turn 4), the cars make a sweeping 90° right (Turn 5), onto Raffles Blvd. This is regarded as the longest straight on the circuit, almost a full kilometer, even though there is a gentle right hander about halfway along, known as Turn 6. This straight actually passes under a structure that includes a pedestrian bridge and a pair of tennis courts, directly over the roadway.

Turn 7 is a moderate 90° left, taking the cars onto Nicoll Highway. They follow that road for only a block (going past War Memorial Park), before encountering Turn 8, a tight 110° right onto Stamford Road. This takes the cars on the short block between the memorial park and the Singapore Recreation Club, before Turn 9 makes another sharp left to run down St. Andrew's Road, between the club and the National Gallery and Singapore government buildings. At the end of a moderate straight, Turn 10 could have been a quick, sweeping left onto Connaught Drive, but the organizers inserted a very slow, left-right-left chicane instead. Turns 11 and 12 are the right and left components of a gentle pair of bends through an intersection, leaving the cars headed in the same general direction, but now on Fullerton Road. This takes the cars over the Anderson Bridge to a very brief visit to the south side of the Singapore River. They quickly encounter Turn 13, a sharp, 135° left hairpin, putting the cars on Esplanade Drive and crossing the much longer Jubilee Bridge. Esplanade is actually the same road as the previously mentioned Nicoll Highway, and a half-kilometer straight takes the cars back to Turn 14, at the same intersection as Turn 8. But since the cars are making sharp right turns from the right hand side of a wide road at each corner, there is no danger of head-on collisions.

The cars are now headed back toward the pits on Raffles Avenue, not to be confused with Raffles Blvd, a block to the north. A gentle left sweeper known as Turn 15 would be taken flat out, if it were not the braking point for the Float at Marina Bay complex. The complex is comprised of a 30,000 seat grandstand, between Raffles and the river and facing towards the water, and a floating platform, large enough to hold soccer/football matches but often used for concert stages and standing room for spectators. Turns 16 and 17 are tight 90° corners, going right and left to put the cars briefly in view of the grandstand along the water's edge. Almost to the eastern end of the grandstand, Turn 18 turns the cars sharply left again, and beneath the grandstand. As soon as they have passed beneath, Turn 19 is a 90° right back onto Raffles Avenue.

But not for long. About 100 meters further, the cars make another 90° right (Turn 20), this time onto the racing-only surface that leads past the pits. After Turn 21, a sweeping 90° lefthander, the cars pass under the flyover again, then quickly past a small outdoor theater. Then they are setting up for Turns 22 and 23, the final two corners. The two together add up to about a 110° lefthander, but they both have low radii, and there is a short straight between them. 22 had a greater arc than 23, making them a challenge to get the maximum speed for the pit straight.

Inside the 22-23 complex, out of sight to drivers but otherwise dominating the premises, is the Singapore Flyer, an observation-style Farris Wheel. Reaching a maximum height of 165 meters/541 feet, it was for several years the tallest structure of it's type in the world. Viewers can look down upon the pits and paddock, or at the apex see as far as Malaysia, 32 km/20 miles to the north.

The track initially measured 5.067 km/3.149 miles.



2009–2012 layout

After the initial race in 2008, some changes were necessary to the circuit. A collision at the start of the race at Turn 3 almost became a chain-reaction, so Turn 1 was tightened, to space the cars out somewhat before Turn 3. Some complaints about the pit lane were addressed, by moving the entrance from after Turn 23 to before Turn 22. The pit exit was also moved, from just before Turn 1 to the outside of Turn 2. And Raffles Blvd. was singled out as being particularly bumpy, so a major resurfacing was carried out before the 2009 race. And finally the organizers decided to rename some of the corners. So Turn 1 became Sheares Corner, Turn 7 was now Memorial Corner, and finally, the Turn 10 chicane became the Singapore Sling. Since the chicane was not popular with the drivers, several alternate suggestions were floating around the paddock.

After the changes, the track now measured 5.073 km/3.152 miles.



2013–2014 layout

The Singapore Sling chicane had been a bone of contention with the drivers since the inital race, and no amount of adjusting of curbs, lighting, barriers or runoff room was making them happy. So in 2013, the organizers gave in, and removed the chicane. They replaced it with a very tight righthander, but the sense of relief across the paddock was palpable. The corner did retain the name, however.

The track now measured 5.065 km/3.137 miles.


Singapore street circuit v4

Current layout

For 2015, a minor change was made. Turn 11 was shifted beyond a roundabout, and Turn 12 was moved slightly. The overall effect was to make them two distinct corners, and lowering the speed into Turn 13 a bit. But the lap distance was unchanged at 5.065 km/3.147 miles.


Singapore street circuit v5

2023 layout

For 2023, a big change was made. Cars will not pass through he original Turn 16 Turn 19, which is most famously known as the scene of Nelson Piquet, Jr.’s deliberate crash in 2008 that helped teammate Fernando Alonso win that’s year grand prix. Instead, the circuit will now feature a flat-out section from the right hander at Turn 14, which will incorporate a new 379.3 metre long straight from Turn 15 to the new tight Turn 16 (original Turn 20). The track distance will be lowered to 4.928 km/3.062 miles, the number of laps for the race will be increased to 63 from its current 61.

It is anticipated that the track will revert to its traditional layout for 2024 once the new NS Square area is complete.[1]

Event history[]

The following is a list of Formula One World Championship events held at the Marina Bay Street circuit:

Year Winning Driver Winning Constructor Report
2008 Spain Fernando Alonso France Renault Report
2009 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Report
2010 Spain Fernando Alonso Italy Ferrari Report
2011 Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
2012 Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
2013 Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
2014 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
2015 Germany Sebastian Vettel Italy Ferrari Report
2016 Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Mercedes Report
2017 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
2018 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
2019 Germany Sebastian Vettel Italy Ferrari Report
2020 Race cancelled Report
2021 Report
2022 Mexico Sergio Pérez Austria Red Bull-RBPT Report
2023 Spain Carlos Sainz, Jr. Italy Ferrari Report

Multiple winners (drivers)[]

Drivers in bold are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season.
A pink background indicates an event which was not part of the Formula One World Championship.

# of wins Driver Years won
5 Germany Sebastian Vettel 2011, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2019
4 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton 2009, 2014, 2017, 2018
2 Spain Fernando Alonso 2008, 2010

Multiple winners (constructors)[]

Teams in bold are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season.

# of wins Constructor Years won
4 Germany Mercedes 2014, 2016, 2017, 2018
Italy Ferrari 2010, 2015, 2019, 2023
3 Austria Red Bull 2011, 2012, 2013


V T E Singapore Singapore Grand Prix
Circuits Marina Bay Street Circuit (2008–present)
Singapore street circuit v5
Races 20082009201020112012201320142015201620172018201920202021202220232024
V T E Circuits
AdelaideAidaAin-DiabAintreeAlbert ParkAlgarveAnderstorpAustinAVUSBakuBarcelonaBoavistaBrands HatchBremgartenBuddhBuenos AiresCaesars PalaceClermont-FerrandDallasDetroitDijonDoningtonEstorilFujiHanoiHockenheimHungaroringIgora DriveImolaIndianapolisInterlagosIstanbulJacarepaguáJaramaJeddahJerezKyalamiLe MansLong BeachLosailMagny-CoursMarina BayMexico CityMiamiMonsantoMonte CarloMontjuïcMont-TremblantMontrealMonzaMosportMugelloNivelles-BaulersNürburgringPaul RicardPedralbesPescaraPhoenixPort ImperialPrince GeorgeRed Bull RingReimsRiversideRouenSakhirSebringSepangShanghaiSilverstoneSochiSpa-FrancorchampsSuzukaValenciaWatkins GlenYas MarinaYeongamZandvoortZeltwegZolder
Other Circuits
BrooklandsDavidstowFioranoGoodwoodLinas-MontlhéryOntarioOulton ParkPauPosillipoRicardo TormoSnettertonSolitudeSyracuseVallelungaWestmeadLas Vegas
Bold indicates a circuit on the 2022 calendar.
The Red Bull Ring was previously known as the "A1-Ring" and before that the "Österreichring".
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