Formula 1 Wiki

The Long Beach Street Circuit is a temporary street circuit in Long Beach, California. The first race held was a Formula 5000 event in 1975, as a shakedown for a Formula One event, starting the following spring. There were a total of eight F1 races held before rising costs caused the management to switch to Indianapolis-style cars in 1984. The Indycars have been a fixture ever since. In 2015, the circuit also joined the Formula E series.

Circuit History[]

"The Monaco of the New World."

In 1973, when the City of Long Beach was planning a billion-dollar redevelopment for the downtown core, British expatriate and travel agent Chris Pook had an idea. He felt that Long Beach would never come out of the shadow of nearby Los Angeles without a unique and world-famous event, and what could be a better event than a Formula One race that emulated the Monaco Grand Prix. He eventually met former driver and constructor Dan Gurney, who lived in the area and loved the idea. The two of them nursed the project through many financial and bureaucratic hurdles. They were finally granted a date on the 1976 Formula One calendar, contingent on a successful dry run.

The 1975 Long Beach Grand Prix was a pure Formula 5000 race held on September 28. The organizers offered double the usual prize fund for a typical race of the North American Formula 5000 series, and in response a huge entry of 44 cars was received. 39 cars actually showed up, and to their dismay the officials discovered that the pit road was not long enough to accommodate all of them. So the field was broken in two, with a pair of 12 lap heats held, and the top 14 finishers in each moving on to the final. Included in the field were F1 names Chris Amon, Mario Andretti, Tony Brise, George Follmer, David Hobbs, Brett Lunger, Jackie Oliver, Tom Pryce, Brian Redman, Jody Scheckter, Vern Schuppan, Al and Bobby Unser, and Eppie Wietzes. Despite lacking the speed of Andretti and Al Unser, Redman won a race of attrition.

Circuit Layouts[]

Previous Layouts[]


Circuit from 1978-81

"A semi-classic."

The circuit has always been a clockwise loop around the Long Beach sports arena and convention hall, the latter acting as the paddock. The original circuit used the section of Ocean Boulevard, between Pine and Linden, for the grid and start/finish line. Ocean is a divided 6-lane street, so the track used the westbound (north) side, and the pits were on the eastbound (south) side. A 90° right onto Linden took the cars on a sharply downhill block to the 90° left onto Seaside Way and the flat area of the circuit. A gentler right-hand bend took the cars into the parking lot of the arena and through a longer, sweeping left onto Shoreline Drive. Shoreline is another divided 6-lane road, with the course following it northeast, almost back to Ocean.

After a 180 degree right hairpin, the cars headed down the back straight (still on Shoreline), which was a bit of a misnomer, as a series of gentle bends turns the track more than 100° to the right along it's 3/4 mile length. At the intersection of Shoreline and Pacific, another 180° right (soon labeled "The Queen's Hairpin", for the nearby Queen Mary liner, now permanently docked there) sent the cars back to Pine Avenue, where the cars turned north. A quick right/left jog had the cars in another parking lot until reaching Seaside again, where a left/right jog puts the cars on the sharp uphill back to Ocean. A sweeping right past the pit entrance and the cars were on the front straight again, which itself was actually slightly downhill after the timing line.

In 1978, the start was moved to a point roughly 12 of the way along Shoreline Drive, just before the wide Bridgestone Bend. So for the next four races, the actual race distance was 8012 laps.


Circuit in 1982

1982 saw the first major changes in the track configuration. The race was created to help revitalize a rather moribund part of town, but now it was a victim of its own success. Downtown Long Beach was undergoing a building boom, and portions of the circuit were no longer usable. First, a major expansion of the convention center had eaten up the parking lot used for the jog off of Pine Avenue, and the street itself was being rebuilt. So instead of a 180° right, the cars went into a tight right/left/right section with short straights in between. That led to a new section of Seaside Way, which gently curved back to Pine, where the cars now turned sharp left to go uphill and reach the pits.

After shooting past the pits, and downhill on Linden back to Seaside, the straight on Seaside was lengthened slightly. This changed the turn south a more challenging 135° right, instead of the old 90° kink. This made the turn onto Shoreline functionally a hairpin of more than 180°, but the radius was increasing throughout. The hairpin at Ocean Blvd. (now called Le Gasomet for unknown reasons) was unchanged, but a short ways down the straight, just before the start line, a chicane around a traffic island was inserted. The new circuit length was increased slightly to 3.428 km, with average speeds reduced by 10 km/h.

Circuit in 1983



Event history[]

The following is a list of Formula One World Championship events held at the Long Beach circuit:

Year Winning Driver Winning Constructor Report
1976 Switzerland Clay Regazzoni Italy Ferrari Report
1977 United States Mario Andretti United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Report
1978 Argentina Carlos Reutemann Italy Ferrari Report
1979 Canada Gilles Villeneuve Italy Ferrari Report
1980 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Brabham-Ford Report
1981 Australia Alan Jones United Kingdom Williams-Ford Report
1982 Austria Niki Lauda United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Report
1983 United Kingdom John Watson United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Report


V T E Circuits
AdelaideAidaAin-DiabAintreeAlbert ParkAlgarveAnderstorpAustinAVUSBakuBarcelonaBoavistaBrands HatchBremgartenBuddhBuenos AiresCaesars PalaceClermont-FerrandDallasDetroitDijonDoningtonEast LondonEstorilFujiHanoiHockenheimHungaroringImolaIndianapolisInterlagosIstanbulJacarepaguáJaramaJeddahJerezKyalamiLe MansLong BeachLosailMagny-CoursMarina BayMexico CityMiamiMonsantoMonte CarloMontjuïcMont-TremblantMontrealMonzaMosportMugelloNivelles-BaulersNürburgringPaul RicardPedralbesPescaraPhoenixRed Bull RingReimsRiversideRouenSakhirSebringSepangShanghaiSilverstoneSochiSpa-FrancorchampsSt. PetersburgSuzukaValenciaWatkins GlenYas MarinaYeongamZandvoortZeltwegZolder
Other Circuits
BrooklandsDavidstowFioranoGoodwoodLinas-MontlhéryOntarioOulton ParkPauPosillipoRicardo TormoSnettertonSolitudeSyracuseVallelungaWestmead
Bold indicates a circuit on the 2022 calendar.
The Red Bull Ring was previously known as the "A1-Ring" and before that the "Österreichring".
V T E United States United States Grand Prix West
Circuit Long Beach (1976-1983)
Long Beach 1978.png
Formula One Races 19761977197819791980198119821983
See also Miami Grand PrixUnited States Grand PrixIndianapolis 500Detroit Grand PrixCaesars Palace Grand PrixDallas Grand PrixQuestor Grand Prix

v·d·e Nominate this page for Featured Article