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|lastgp=[[2007 United States Grand Prix]]
|lastgp=[[2007 United States Grand Prix]]
The '''Indianapolis Motor Speedway''' is a motor racing circuit and oval speedway complex in Indiana, United States, which has held the [[Indianapolis 500]] since 1911 (11 of which, 1950–60, were rounds of the Formula One World Championship) and the [[United States Grand Prix]] from 2000 to 2007.
==Circuit History==
==Circuit Layouts==
===Oval layout===
[[File:IMS oval.svg|250px|right|thumb|The oval circuit, used from [[1950 Indianapolis 500|1950]] to [[1960 Indianapolis 500|1960]] in F1 and to this day in Indycar.]]
The layout of the [[Indianapolis 500]] is an oval track, with two main straights and four corners. The track runs in the opposite direction (counterclockwise) to the infield circuit configuration. It is precisely 2.5 miles (4.023 kilometres) long, and is still used for the Indianapolis 500.
The two long straights are exactly {{frac|5|8}} miles, the short straights are exactly {{frac|1|8}} miles and the corners are {{frac|1|4}} miles. The corners are banked at 9.2 degrees. The four corners are identical and the straights are exactly parallel.
===Formula One layout===
[[File:IMS road.svg|thumb|250px|right|The infield Grand Prix circuit]]
The Grand Prix circuit ran clockwise, unlike the oval circuit, and spanned around half the oval circuit, using the same pit area as the oval track. The first two corners are at 90° angles, the first a right-hander, then a left-hander. Three right-hand bends follow, the first long, the second tightens, the third fast. Turn 6 is a long left-hander that lead directly into Turn 7. The back straight followed, before a 90° left turn which led into two slow hairpins, the first slightly tighter than the second (the hairpins were colloquially known as "Mickey" and "Mouse"). At the next corner, Turn 11, the cars started building up speed as the cars rejoined the oval track at turn 12. Turn 13, the only banked corner on the F1 calendar at the time, was taken flat out and this lead to the start/finish line.
The banked corner, Turn 13 was the source of the problems that arose at the [[2005 United States Grand Prix]], because the [[Michelin]] tyres provided were not able to survive ten laps unless there was a reduction of speed on the corner, as [[Ralf Schumacher]]'s accident testified. [[Bridgestone]] had no problems with the banked corner, as they also provided tires for the Indy Car series, and routinely made tires designed for banked ovals. Eventually, the fourteen Michelin runners chose to withdraw after the formation lap in the interests of safety, leaving the remaining six Bridgestone runners to race it out. After the tyre scam, Michelin opted to refund those fans who went to the race and that they would purchase 200 tickets to give for free for the [[2006 United States Grand Prix]]. The corner that was Turn 13 has since been replaced from the Indianapolis road course by a short infield loop.
===2008 road course===
Starting in 2008, the track held FIM motorcycle Grands Prix on a revised layout. The "Mickey Mouse" section was shortened into a moderate 90° right followed by a much tighter 90° left. And the high-speed banked Turn 1 of the oval, the scene of the problems of 2005, was circumvented with a run through the old "snake pit" infield section (so named because of rowdy reputation of fans camping there). The course made a tight, 180° right hairpin, followed by two quick 90° lefts and a sweeping right to put the track on the front straight.
The length of the new configuration was 4.216 km/2.620 miles.
===Current road course===
==Event history==
==Event history==

Revision as of 10:59, January 29, 2019

Event history

The following is a list of Formula One World Championship events held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway:

Year Event Winning Driver Winning Constructor
1950 Indianapolis 500 United States Johnnie Parsons United States Kurtis Kraft-Offenhauser
1951 Indianapolis 500 United States Lee Wallard United States Kurtis Kraft-Offenhauser
1952 Indianapolis 500 United States Troy Ruttmann United States Kuzma-Offenhauser
1953 Indianapolis 500 United States Bill Vukovich United States Kurtis Kraft-Offenhauser
1954 Indianapolis 500 United States Bill Vukovich United States Kurtis Kraft-Offenhauser
1955 Indianapolis 500 United States Bob Sweikert United States Kurtis Kraft-Offenhauser
1956 Indianapolis 500 United States Pat Flaherty United States Watson-Offenhauser
1957 Indianapolis 500 United States Sam Hanks United States Epperly-Offenhauser
1958 Indianapolis 500 United States Jimmy Bryan United States Epperly-Offenhauser
1959 Indianapolis 500 United States Rodger Ward United States Watson-Offenhauser
1960 Indianapolis 500 United States Jim Rathmann United States Watson-Offenhauser
2000 United States Grand Prix Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari
2001 United States Grand Prix Finland Mika Häkkinen United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes
2002 United States Grand Prix Brazil Rubens Barrichello Italy Ferrari
2003 United States Grand Prix Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari
2004 United States Grand Prix Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari
2005 United States Grand Prix Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari
2006 United States Grand Prix Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari
2007 United States Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes

Multiple Winners

By Drivers

Wins Driver Years
5 Germany Michael Schumacher 2000, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006
2 United States Bill Vukovich 1953, 1954

By Constructors

Wins Constructor Years
6 Italy Ferrari 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005
5 United States Kurtis Kraft 1950, 1951, 1953, 1954, 1955
3 United States Watson 1956, 1959, 1960
2 United States Epperley 1957, 1958

By Engine Suppliers

Wins Constructor Years
11 United States Offenhauser 19501951, 195219531954195519561957195819591960
6 Italy Ferrari 20002002200320042005
2 Germany Mercedes 2001, 2007

Wins by Country


Wins Country
11 United States United States of America
5 Germany Germany
1 Finland Finland
Brazil Brazil
United Kingdom Great Britain


Wins Country
11 United States United States of America
6 Italy Italy
2 United Kingdom Great Britain


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Bold indicates a circuit on the 2020 calendar; italics indicates a circuit scheduled on the 2021 calendar.
The Red Bull Ring was previously known as the "A1-Ring" and before that the "Österreichring".
V T E United States Indianapolis 500
Circuit Indianapolis Motor Speedway
IMS oval
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