ERA – English Racing Motors, has a two part history.
The first, a hugely successful pre-war Grand-Prix car manufacturer, headed by Raymond Mays, who built simple but effective GP machinery that would dominate 1500cc racing before WWII, designed by famous engineers, driven by world class drivers.
The second company, after a buy out from Leslie Johnson after Raymond Mays left to work on BRM, the pre-war ERA built very fast but devastating unreliable cars that would be beaten by the older pre-war ERA's driven by privateers.
The definitive image of the firm though is with the pre-war cars that are still used heavily today in classic circuit and hill-climb races.
ERA was founded by Humphrey Cook, Raymond Mays, and Peter Berthon in November 1933 in Bourne, Lincolnshire, near the family home of Raymond Mays. Their ambition was to manufacture and campaign a team of single seater racing cars capable of upholding British prestige in Continental Europe.
The car would have a modified Riley 6 cylinder engine with a bespoke supercharger and was capable of around 180-200BHP. The chasis was to be designed by Reid Railton, designer of the Bluebird and Railton Special land speed record cars and built a by Thomson & Taylor at Brooklands with new car’s single-seater bodywork was designed by Mr Piercy who had previously designed the bodywork for the Bluebird record breaker.
Prior to Formula One World ChampionshipEdit
The car was unveiled at Brooklands in May 1934 and after handling issues were resolved, ERA soon began to score victories in 1500cc races. A notable success was at the Nürburgring in 1935 where ERAs took first, third, fourth and fifth places.
ERA dominated 1500cc Motor Racing across the 1930's, with drivers of the calibre of Dick Seaman in the team and privateer cars driven and ran by the two Siamese Princes; Prince Chula and Prince Bira who would make the marque famous with their White Mouse Racing cars; Romulus and Remus.
The E-Type ERA appeared just before the Second World War but was not fully developed. By the time racing resumed in the late 1940s Berthon and Mays had moved on to British Racing Motors; BRM.
Leslie Johnson purchased ERA and built two E-Types known as GP1 and GP2. At the 1948 British Empire Trophy, Johnson in GP2, refitted with a Zoller supercharger set joint fastest lap on his way to 5th and at the 1948 British Grand Prix, after posting the fastest time in the opening practice session, Johnson retired GP2 from third place on lap 1.
Impressive speed and poor reliability continued, in practice for the Coupe du Salon at Montlhéry, Johnson broke the lap record but retired GP2 from the race after 3 laps with a fractured fuel tank and in Jersey the car did not race after the wheel bearings seized in practice.
Meanwhile GP1 had its share of troubles too; fuel starvation and defective steering in Jersey and gearbox, steering problems, a leaking radiator, and the exhaust burning the driver's foot at Goodwood.
Whilst privateers in older models such as Bob Gerard continued to get good results against newer machinery.
Formula One World ChampionshipEdit
1950EditThe factory car, the GP2 was at Silverstone for the first race of the season but retired when the supercharger disintegrated after two laps but the older designers of private entries Bob Gerard and Cuth Harrison would finish 6th and 7th.
The factory team did not appear again in 1950 but Bob Gerard took his ERA to another 6th in his now almost 15 year old car at Monaco against much newer machinery.
In 1950, GP1 was gutted by fire in a crash at the British Empire Trophy race on the Isle of Man, caused by driveshaft failure when the car was at high speed with Peter Walker at the wheel.
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List of race winsEdit
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