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The 1997 European Grand Prix, otherwise known as the XLII Grand Prix of Europe, was the seventeenth and final round of the 1997 FIA Formula One World Championship, held at the Circuito de Jerez in Jerez, Spain, on the 26 October 1997.[1] The race would see Jacques Villeneuve claim his only World Championship crown, after Championship leader Michael Schumacher tried and failed to take the Canadian racer out.[1]

The weekend began with Villeneuve claiming pole position early on during qualifying, avoiding Ferrari's tactical rolling road-block named Eddie Irvine.[1] Schumacher would, however, start alongside the Canadian and ahead of Heinz-Harald Frentzen, as all three set identical times of 1:21.072.[1] FIA rules on the order of when the laps were set therefore dictated the grid, with Villeneuve the earliest to set his time, while Frentzen was the latest.[1]

The start of the race saw Schumacher make a stronger start, surging ahead of Villeneuve to secure the lead into turn one.[1] Frentzen also got the jump on Villeneuve and so eased ahead of the Canadian into the first corner, with the top three stalked by the two McLaren-Mercedes.[1]

Once it became clear that Frentzen would be no threat to Schumacher the Williams-Renault team ordered the German to swap with Villeneuve, which he duly did on lap eight.[1] The order would then remain fairly static throughout the field through to the first stops, with Schumacher having established a small lead.[1]

During the first round of tyre and fuel swaps David Coulthard would jump ahead of teammate Mika Häkkinen, while both emerged ahead of Frentzen.[1] Villeneuve, meanwhile, would get slightly closer to Schumacher, before all but eliminating the gap between them ahead of the second stops.[1]

The second round of stops produced a similar result, with Villeneuve making more ground on Schumacher, while the two McLarens made ground on the pair of them.[1] Indeed, come lap 48 Villeneuve was in position to attack Schumacher for the lead, knowing that he had to finish ahead of the German in order to take the crown.[1]

Villeneuve's bid for the lead was made on the brakes for Dry Sack, with the Canadian ace sending his Williams lunging inside the Ferrari at the hairpin.[1] Schumacher saw the move late and acted rashly to "defend" his lead, turning right into the side of the Williams and hitting the Canadian's sidepod.[1]

The collision demolished Schumacher's right front suspension, sending him sliding into the gravel and out of the race.[1] Villeneuve, meanwhile, carried on with only a tyre mark on the side of his Williams, although internally the Williams was carrying damage to the battery mounts, which had reduced the stiffness of the chassis.[1]

Villeneuve's pace deteriorated as the race wore on, although the Canadian racer only needed to finish in the points to beat Schumacher in the Championship.[1] The two McLarens duly swept past the #3 Williams in the closing stages, while Gerhard Berger would close ominiously on the Canadian in the final laps.[1]

Ultimately, however, Berger would run out of time to catch the Canadian, falling shy at the chequered flag by 0.116s.[1] Ahead, meanwhile, Häkkinen claimed a popular maiden victory ahead of teammate Coulthard, while third for Villeneuve ensured that he won the title.[1]

After the race, however, there would be a lot of discussions, with the FIA forced into launching several investigations after the race.[1] The first, announced on 11 November 1997, resulted in Schumacher being thrown out of the Championship for deliberately crashing into another driver, although the German ace would retain his race wins.[1] The second saw Williams and McLaren appear before a tribunal to discuss whether they had collaborated during the race, although this was ultimately thrown out by the FIA.[1]

Regardless, Villeneuve was declared as the 1997 World Champion ahead of teammate Frentzen, while Williams-Renault were the Constructors Champions, in the last year of their partnership.[1]

BackgroundEdit

Michael Schumacher moved back to the top of the Championship after Jacques Villeneuve's retroactive disqualification, leaving Japan with a one point lead. That meant that the German ace simply had to finish ahead of the Canadian in Jerez to claim the crown, while Villeneuve had to score a point or more regardless. Behind, Heinz-Harald Frentzen had enhanced his hold on third, leaving Japan five ahead of Jean Alesi.

In the Constructors Championship the fight for the crown was over, with Williams-Renault leaving Japan with 118 points to their name. That left the Anglo-French squad eighteen clear of Ferrari, and with only sixteen points available at each race, Williams-Renault were hence declared as Champions with a race to spare. Ferrari were hence declared in second, while Benetton-Renault were safe in third ahead of McLaren-Mercedes.

Entry listEdit

The full entry list for the 1997 European Grand Prix is outlined below:

No. Driver Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Model Tyre
1 United Kingdom Damon Hill United Kingdom Danka Arrows Yamaha Arrows A18 Yamaha OX11A 3.0 V10 B
2 Brazil Pedro Diniz United Kingdom Danka Arrows Yamaha Arrows A18 Yamaha OX11A 3.0 V10 B
3 Canada Jacques Villeneuve United Kingdom Rothmans Williams Renault Williams FW19 Renault RS9 3.0 V10 G
4 Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen United Kingdom Rothmans Williams Renault Williams FW19 Renault RS9 3.0 V10 G
5 Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro Ferrari F310B Ferrari 046/2 3.0 V10 G
6 United Kingdom Eddie Irvine Italy Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro Ferrari F310B Ferrari 046/2 3.0 V10 G
7 France Jean Alesi Italy Mild Seven Benetton Renault Benetton B197 Renault RS9 3.0 V10 G
8 Austria Gerhard Berger Italy Mild Seven Benetton Renault Benetton B197 Renault RS9 3.0 V10 G
9 Finland Mika Häkkinen United Kingdom West McLaren Mercedes McLaren MP4/12 Mercedes FO 110E 3.0 V10 G
10 United Kingdom David Coulthard United Kingdom West McLaren Mercedes McLaren MP4/12 Mercedes FO 110E 3.0 V10 G
11 Germany Ralf Schumacher Ireland B&H Total Jordan Peugeot Jordan 197 Peugeot A14 3.0 V10 G
12 Italy Giancarlo Fisichella Ireland B&H Total Jordan Peugeot Jordan 197 Peugeot A14 3.0 V10 G
14 France Olivier Panis France Prost Gauloises Blondes Prost JS45 Mugen-Honda MF-301HB 3.0 V10 B
15 Japan Shinji Nakano France Prost Gauloises Blondes Prost JS45 Mugen-Honda MF-301HB 3.0 V10 B
16 United Kingdom Johnny Herbert Switzerland Red Bull Sauber Petronas Sauber C16 Petronas SPE-01 3.0 V10 G
17 Argentina Norberto Fontana Switzerland Red Bull Sauber Petronas Sauber C16 Petronas SPE-01 3.0 V10 G
18 Netherlands Jos Verstappen United Kingdom PIAA Tyrrell Tyrrell 025 Ford Cosworth ED4 3.0 V10 G
19 Finland Mika Salo United Kingdom PIAA Tyrrell Tyrrell 025 Ford Cosworth ED4 3.0 V10 G
20 Japan Ukyo Katayama Italy Minardi Team Minardi M197 Hart 830 AV7 3.0 V10 B
21 Brazil Tarso Marques Italy Minardi Team Minardi M197 Hart 830 AV7 3.0 V10 B
22 Brazil Rubens Barrichello United Kingdom HSBC Malaysia Stewart Ford Stewart SF01 Ford Cosworth VJ Zetec-R 3.0 V10 B
23 Denmark Jan Magnussen United Kingdom HSBC Malaysia Stewart Ford Stewart SF01 Ford Cosworth VJ Zetec-R 3.0 V10 B
Source:[2]

Practice OverviewEdit

QualifyingEdit

Qualifying ReportEdit

Qualifying ResultsEdit

The full qualifying results for the 1997 European Grand Prix are outlined below:

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Time Gap Ave. Speed
1 3 United Kingdom Jacques Villeneuve United Kingdom Williams-Renault 1:21.072 196.625 km/h
2 5 Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari 1:21.072 +0.000s 196.625 km/h
3 4 Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen United Kingdom Williams-Renault 1:21.072 +0.000s 196.625 km/h
4 1 United Kingdom Damon Hill United Kingdom Arrows-Yamaha 1:21.130 +0.058s 196.485 km/h
5 9 Finland Mika Häkkinen United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes 1:21.369 +0.297s 195.908 km/h
6 10 United Kingdom David Coulthard United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes 1:21.476 +0.404s 195.650 km/h
7 6 United Kingdom Eddie Irvine Italy Ferrari 1:21.610 +0.538s 195.329 km/h
8 8 Austria Gerhard Berger Italy Benetton-Renault 1:21.656 +0.584s 195.219 km/h
9 14 France Olivier Panis France Prost-Mugen-Honda 1:21.735 +0.663s 195.030 km/h
10 7 France Jean Alesi Italy Benetton-Renault 1:22.011 +0.939s 194.374 km/h
11 23 Denmark Jan Magnussen United Kingdom Stewart-Ford Cosworth 1:22.167 +1.095s 194.005 km/h
12 22 Brazil Rubens Barrichello United Kingdom Stewart-Ford Cosworth 1:22.222 +1.150s 193.875 km/h
13 2 Brazil Pedro Diniz United Kingdom Arrows-Yamaha 1:22.234 +1.162s 193.847 km/h
14 16 United Kingdom Johnny Herbert Switzerland Sauber-Petronas 1:22.263 +1.191s 193.778 km/h
15 15 Japan Shinji Nakano France Prost-Mugen-Honda 1:22.351 +1.279s 193.571 km/h
16 11 Germany Ralf Schumacher Ireland Jordan-Peugeot 1:22.740 +1.668s 192.661 km/h
17 12 Italy Giancarlo Fisichella Ireland Jordan-Peugeot 1:22.804 +1.732s 192.512 km/h
18 17 Argentina Norberto Fontana Switzerland Sauber-Petronas 1:23.281 +2.209s 191.410 km/h
19 20 Japan Ukyo Katayama Italy Minardi-Hart 1:23.409 +2.337s 191.116 km/h
20 21 Brazil Tarso Marques Italy Minardi-Hart 1:23.854 +2.782s 190.102 km/h
21 19 Finland Mika Salo United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 1:24.222 +3.150s 189.271 km/h
22 18 Netherlands Jos Verstappen United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 1:24.301 +3.229s 189.094 km/h
107% Time: 1:26.747[3]
Source:[4][3]
  • T Indicates a driver used their test/spare car to set their best time in that session.
  • Bold indicates a driver's best/qualifying time.

GridEdit

Pos Pos
Driver Driver
______________
Row 1 ______________ 1
2 Jacques Villeneuve
Michael Schumacher ______________
Row 2 ______________ 3
4 Heinz-Harald Frentzen
Damon Hill ______________
Row 3 ______________ 5
6 Mika Häkkinen
David Coulthard ______________
Row 4 ______________ 7
8 Eddie Irvine
Gerhard Berger ______________
Row 5 ______________ 9
10 Olivier Panis
Jean Alesi ______________
Row 6 ______________ 11
12 Jan Magnussen
Rubens Barrichello ______________
Row 7 ______________ 13
14 Pedro Diniz
Johnny Herbert ______________
Row 8 ______________ 15
16 Shinji Nakano
Ralf Schumacher ______________
Row 9 ______________ 17
18 Giancarlo Fisichella
Norberto Fontana ______________
Row 10 ______________ 19
20 Ukyo Katayama
Tarso Marques ______________
Row 11 ______________ 21
22 Mika Salo
Jos Verstappen ______________

RaceEdit

ReportEdit

ResultsEdit

The full results for the 1997 European Grand Prix are outlined below:

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 9 Finland Mika Häkkinen United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes 69 1:38:57.771 5 10
2 10 United Kingdom David Coulthard United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes 69 +1.654s 6 6
3 3 Canada Jacques Villeneuve United Kingdom Williams-Renault 69 +1.803s 1 4
4 8 Austria Gerhard Berger Italy Benetton-Renault 69 +1.919s 8 3
5 6 United Kingdom Eddie Irvine Italy Ferrari 69 +3.789s 7 2
6 4 Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen United Kingdom Williams-Renault 69 +4.537s 3 1
7 14 France Olivier Panis France Prost-Mugen-Honda 69 +1:07.145 9
8 16 United Kingdom Johnny Herbert Switzerland Sauber-Petronas 69 +1:12.961 14
9 23 Denmark Jan Magnussen United Kingdom Stewart-Ford Cosworth 69 +1:17.487 11
10 15 Japan Shinji Nakano France Prost-Mugen-Honda 69 +1:18.215 15
11 12 Italy Giancarlo Fisichella Ireland Jordan-Peugeot 68 +1 Lap 17
12 19 Finland Mika Salo United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 68 +1 Lap 21
13 7 France Jean Alesi Italy Benetton-Renault 68 +1 Lap 10
14 17 Argentina Norberto Fontana Switzerland Sauber-Petronas 68 +1 Lap 18
15 21 Brazil Tarso Marques Italy Minardi-Hart 68 +1 Lap 20
16 18 Netherlands Jos Verstappen United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 68 +1 Lap 22
17 20 Japan Ukyo Katayama Italy Minardi-Hart 68 +1 Lap 19
Ret 5 Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari 47 Collision 2
Ret 1 United Kingdom Damon Hill United Kingdom Arrows-Yamaha 47 Gearbox 4
Ret 11 Germany Ralf Schumacher Ireland Jordan-Peugeot 44 Water leak 16
Ret 22 Brazil Rubens Barrichello United Kingdom Stewart-Ford Cosworth 30 Gearbox 12
Ret 2 Brazil Pedro Diniz United Kingdom Arrows-Yamaha 11 Spin 13
Source:[5]
  • T Indicates a driver used their test/spare car.

MilestonesEdit

StandingsEdit

With that the 1997 FIA Formula One World Championship was over, with the final Championship standings published on the 11 November 1997, two weeks after the final round. Jacques Villeneuve was declared as the Champion on 81 points, while Heinz-Harald Frentzen secured second on 42 points. David Coulthard would complete the top three ahead of Jean Alesi and Gerhard Berger, while Michael Schumacher was thrown out of the Championship altogether having originally finished second.

In the Constructors Championship Williams-Renault rounded out their partnership with 123 points and eight wins. Ferrari secured second, having been allowed to keep the 78 points scored by Schumacher across the campaign, and hence concluded the season on 102 points. Benetton-Renault, meanwhile, were classified in third, four ahead of McLaren-Mercedes, while Jordan-Peugeot completed the final top five.

World Championship for Drivers
Pos. Driver Pts. +/-
1 Canada Jacques Villeneuve 81 ▲1
2 Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen 42 ▲1
3 United Kingdom David Coulthard 36 ▲2
4 France Jean Alesi 36
5 Austria Gerhard Berger 27 ▲1
6 Finland Mika Häkkinen 27 ▲3
7 United Kingdom Eddie Irvine 22
8 Italy Giancarlo Fisichella 20
9 France Olivier Panis 16 ▲1
10 United Kingdom Johnny Herbert 15 ▲1
11 Germany Ralf Schumacher 13 ▲1
12 United Kingdom Damon Hill 7 ▲1
13 Brazil Rubens Barrichello 6 ▲1
14 Austria Alexander Wurz 4 ▲1
15 Italy Jarno Trulli 3 ▲1
16 Brazil Pedro Diniz 2 ▲1
17 Finland Mika Salo 2 ▲1
18 Japan Shinji Nakano 2 ▲1
19 Italy Nicola Larini 1 ▲1
DSQ Germany Michael Schumacher 78 ▼18
World Championship for Constructors
Pos. Team Pts. +/-
1 United Kingdom Williams-Renault 123
2 Italy Ferrari 102
3 Italy Benetton-Renault 67
4 United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes 63
5 Ireland Jordan-Peugeot 33
6 France Prost-Mugen-Honda 21
7 Switzerland Sauber-Petronas 16
8 United Kingdom Arrows-Yamaha 9
9 United Kingdom Stewart-Ford Cosworth 6
10 United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 2

Only point scoring drivers and constructors are shown.

ReferencesEdit

Images and Videos:

References:

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 'European GP, 1997', grandprix.com, (Inside F1 Inc., 2014), https://www.grandprix.com/gpe/rr614.html, (Accessed 25/08/2019)
  2. 'Japan 1997: Entrants', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2015), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1997/japon/engages.aspx, (Accessed 24/08/2019)
  3. 3.0 3.1 'Europe 1997: Qualifications', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2014), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1997/europe/qualification.aspx, (Accessed 25/08/2019)
  4. '1997 Grand Prix of Europe - QUALIFYING', formula1.com, (Formula One World Championship Ltd., 2019), https://www.formula1.com/en/results.html/1997/races/670/europe/qualifying-0.html, (Accessed 25/08/2019)
  5. 'Europe 1997: Result', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2016), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1997/europe/classement.aspx, (Accessed 25/08/2019)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 '17. Europe 1997', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2014), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1997/europe.aspx, (Accessed 25/08/2019)
  7. '1997 European GP', chicanef1.com, (Chicane F1, 2014), http://www.chicanef1.com/racetit.pl?year=1997&gp=European%20GP&r=1, (Accessed 25/08/2019)
V T E Europe European Grand Prix
Races 19501951195219531954195519561957195819591960196119621963196419651966196719681969–19711972197319741975197619771978–19821983198419851986–1992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013–20152016
V T E 1997 Formula One Season
Teams Arrows • Williams • Ferrari • Benetton • McLaren • Jordan • Prost • Sauber • Tyrrell • Minardi • Stewart • Lola
Engines Ferrari • Ford • Hart • Mercedes • Mugen-Honda • Petronas • Peugeot • Renault • Yamaha
Drivers Hill • 2 Diniz • 3 Villeneuve • 4 Frentzen • 5 M. Schumacher • 6 Irvine • 7 Alesi • 8 Berger • 8 Wurz • 9 Häkkinen • 10 Coulthard • 11 R. Schumacher • 12 Fisichella • 14 Panis • 14 Trulli • 15 Nakano • 16 Herbert • 17 Larini • 17 Morbidelli • 17 Fontana • 18 Verstappen • 19 Salo • 20 Katayama • 21 Trulli • 21 Marques • 22 Barrichello • 23 Magnussen • 24 Sospiri • 25 Rosset
Other Drivers Badoer • Brundle • Montermini • Montoya • Takagi • Tuero
Cars Williams FW19 • Ferrari F310B • Benetton B197 • McLaren MP4/12 • Jordan 197 • Prost JS45 • Sauber C16 • Arrows A18 • Stewart SF01 • Tyrrell 025 • Minardi M197 • Lola T97/30
Tyres Goodyear • Bridgestone
Races Australia • Brazil • Argentina • San Marino • Monaco • Spain • Canada • France • Britain • Germany • Hungary • Belgium • Italy • Austria • Luxembourg • Japan • Europe
See also 1996 Formula One Season • 1998 Formula One Season • Category
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