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The 1989 Portuguese Grand Prix, otherwise known as the XVIII Grande Prémio de Portugal, was the thirteenth round of the 1989 FIA Formula One World Championship, staged on the 24 September 1989 at the Autódromo do Estoril in Portugal.[2] Victory would go to Gerhard Berger in the #28 Ferrari, as Alain Prost inched closer to his third World Championship title.[2]

In spite of his Championship lead, Prost would make several controversial remarks about McLaren's engine suppliers Honda, with the Frenchman believing that he was getting inferior engines.[2] This was likely due to the fact that he was to leave the squad for Ferrari at the end of the campaign, while teammate Ayrton Senna was to stick with them for 1990.[2]

Qualifying would see Senna claim pole position as usual, while Prost found himself down in fourth for the second consecutive race.[2] The two McLarens were split by the two Ferraris of Gerhard Berger and Nigel Mansell, while Pierluigi Martini claimed an impressive fifth in the Pirelli shod Minardi-Ford Cosworth.[2]

The start of the race saw Berger get the jump on Senna, with the Brazilian unable to out-drag his future teammate on the run to the first corner.[2] Mansell, meanwhile, was able to beat Prost into turn one, while Martini fended off Riccardo Patrese.[2]

The order proved fairly static during the early stages, with Senna unable to find a way past Berger, while Mansell looked for a way to pass the Brazilian.[2] Indeed, it was only on lap eight when the order did change, with Mansell elbowing his way into second.[2]

Again the order would remain static, until the Brit stole the lead away from teammate Berger on lap 24, shortly before the field dived into the pits for their stops.[2] That allowed Martini to briefly lead the race for Minardi, as Mansell reversed in the pit lane after missing his pit-box.[2]

Unsurprisingly Mansell was issued with a disqualification after an investigation, although the Brit simply ignored the black flags.[2] It was therefore hugely controversial when he and Senna came together on lap 49, resulting in both retiring with collision damage while fighting for second.[2]

Berger, meanwhile, was left unopposed to claim victory after grabbing the lead during the stops, while Prost shuffled through to second.[2] Behind them came a shocked Stefan Johansson, claiming the first (and ultimately only) podium finish for Onyx, while Alessandro Nannini, Martini and Jonathan Palmer claimed the remaining points.[2]

The results of the race meant that Prost's Championship lead grew to 24 points with three races to go, meaning he could take the title at the next race in Spain.

BackgroundEdit

Alain Prost had moved twenty points clear at the head of the Championship as a result of the Italian Grand Prix, and could potentially win the title in Portugal. Indeed, if Ayrton Senna, his closest challenger, failed to score with Prost winning the race the battle would be over, before either driver had to take a dropped score. Elsewhere, Nigel Mansell had lost ground in third, although he was still ten points clear of Riccardo Patrese in fourth.

The Constructors' Championship, in contrast, was all over, with McLaren-Honda declared as the Champions as they reached 122 points for the campaign. Indeed, their ninth win of the campaign had seen them move 70 points clear of Williams-Renault, with just 60 points left to fight for across the final four races. The Anglo-French squad were hence looking to hold off Ferrari for second, with those two leaving Italy some eight points apart.

Entry ListEdit

The full entry list for the 1989 Portuguese Grand Prix is outlined below:

No. Driver Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Model Tyre
1 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren MP4/5 Honda RA109E 3.5 V10 G
2 France Alain Prost United Kingdom Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren MP4/5 Honda RA109E 3.5 V10 G
3 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer United Kingdom Tyrrell Racing Organisation Tyrrell 018 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G
4 United Kingdom Johnny Herbert United Kingdom Tyrrell Racing Organisation Tyrrell 018 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G
5 Belgium Thierry Boutsen United Kingdom Canon Williams Team Williams FW13 Renault RS1 3.5 V10 G
6 Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Canon Williams Team Williams FW13 Renault RS1 3.5 V10 G
7 United Kingdom Martin Brundle United Kingdom Motor Racing Developments Brabham BT58 Judd EV 3.5 V8 P
8 Italy Stefano Modena United Kingdom Motor Racing Developments Brabham BT58 Judd EV 3.5 V8 P
9 United Kingdom Derek Warwick United Kingdom Arrows Grand Prix International Arrows A11 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G
10 United States Eddie Cheever United Kingdom Arrows Grand Prix International Arrows A11 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G
11 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Camel Team Lotus Lotus 101 Judd CV 3.5 V8 G
12 Japan Satoru Nakajima United Kingdom Camel Team Lotus Lotus 101 Judd CV 3.5 V8 G
15 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin United Kingdom Leyton House March Racing Team March CG891 Judd CV 3.5 V8 G
16 Italy Ivan Capelli United Kingdom Leyton House March Racing Team March CG891 Judd CV 3.5 V8 G
17 Italy Nicola Larini Italy Osella Squadra Corse Osella FA1M Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 P
18 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani Italy Osella Squadra Corse Osella FA1M Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 P
19 Italy Alessandro Nannini United Kingdom Benetton Formula Ltd. Benetton B189 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G
20 Italy Emanuele Pirro United Kingdom Benetton Formula Ltd. Benetton B188 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G
21 Italy Alex Caffi Italy BMS Scuderia Italia Dallara 189 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 P
22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Italy BMS Scuderia Italia Dallara 189 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 P
23 Italy Pierluigi Martini Italy Minardi F1 Team Minardi M189 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 P
24 Spain Luis Pérez-Sala Italy Minardi F1 Team Minardi M189 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 P
25 France René Arnoux France Ligier Loto Ligier JS33 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G
26 France Olivier Grouillard France Ligier Loto Ligier JS33 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G
27 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 640 Ferrari 035/5 3.5 V12 G
28 Austria Gerhard Berger Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 640 Ferrari 035/5 3.5 V12 G
29 Italy Michele Alboreto France Equipe Larrousse Lola LC89 Lamborghini 3512 3.5 V12 G
30 France Philippe Alliot France Equipe Larrousse Lola LC89 Lamborghini 3512 3.5 V12 G
31 Brazil Roberto Moreno Italy Coloni SpA Coloni FC189 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 P
32 Italy Enrico Bertaggia Italy Coloni SpA Coloni FC189 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 P
33 Argentina Oscar Larrauri Italy EuroBrun Racing EuroBrun ER189 Judd CV 3.5 V8 P
34 West Germany Bernd Schneider West Germany West Zakspeed Racing Zakspeed 891 Yamaha OX88 3.5 V8 P
35 Japan Aguri Suzuki West Germany West Zakspeed Racing Zakspeed 891 Yamaha OX88 3.5 V8 P
36 Sweden Stefan Johansson United Kingdom Moneytron Onyx Formula One Onyx ORE-1 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G
37 Finland JJ Lehto United Kingdom Moneytron Onyx Formula One Onyx ORE-1 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G
38 West Germany Christian Danner West Germany Rial Racing Rial ARC2 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G
39 France Pierre-Henri Raphanel West Germany Rial Racing Rial ARC2 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G
40 Italy Gabriele Tarquini France AGS Racing AGS JH24 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G
41 France Yannick Dalmas France AGS Racing AGS JH24 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G
Source:[3]

Practice OverviewEdit

QualifyingEdit

Pre-QualifyingEdit

Pre-Qualifying ResultsEdit

The full pre-qualifying results for the 1989 Portuguese Grand Prix are outlined below:

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Time Gap
1 36 Sweden Stefan Johansson United Kingdom Onyx-Ford Cosworth 1:18.623
2 30 France Philippe Alliot France Lola-Ford Cosworth 1:19.164 +0.541s
3 31 Brazil Roberto Moreno Italy Coloni-Ford Cosworth 1:19.780 +1.157s
4 29 Italy Michele Alboreto France Lola-Ford Cosworth 1:19.869 +1.246s
DNPQ 37 Finland JJ Lehto United Kingdom Onyx-Ford Cosworth 1:20.880 +2.257s
DNPQ 18 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani Italy Osella-Ford Cosworth 1:21.021 +2.398s
DNPQ 33 Argentina Oscar Larrauri Italy EuroBrun-Judd 1:21.326 +2.703s
DNPQ 40 Italy Gabriele Tarquini France AGS-Ford Cosworth 1:21.881 +3.258s
DNPQ 35 Japan Aguri Suzuki West Germany Zakspeed-Yamaha 1:24.116 +5.493s
DNPQ 34 West Germany Bernd Schneider West Germany Zakspeed-Yamaha 1:24.732 +6.109s
DNPQ 32 Italy Enrico Bertaggia Italy Coloni-Ford Cosworth 1:28.526 +9.903s
EXC* 17 Italy Nicola Larini Italy Osella-Ford Cosworth Excluded
EXC 41 France Yannick Dalmas France AGS-Ford Cosworth Excluded
Source:[4]
  • * Larini was excluded from the results of qualifying for missing a weight check.[5]
  • Dalmas was disqualified for a tyre infringement.[5]

Friday QualifyingEdit

Saturday QualifyingEdit

Qualifying ResultsEdit

The full qualifying results for the 1989 Portuguese Grand Prix are outlined below:

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Time Gap
Q1 Q2
1 1 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 1:15.496 1:15.468
2 28 Austria Gerhard Berger Italy Ferrari 1:16.799 1:16.059 +0.591s
3 27 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Italy Ferrari 1:17.387 1:16.193 +0.725s
4 2 France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 1:17.336 1:16.204 +0.736s
5 23 Italy Pierluigi Martini Italy Minardi-Ford Cosworth 1:16.938 1:17.161 +1.470s
6 6 Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Williams-Renault 1:17.281 1:17.852 +1.813s
7 21 Italy Alex Caffi Italy Dallara-Ford Cosworth 1:18.623 1:17.661 +2.193s
8 5 Belgium Thierry Boutsen United Kingdom Williams-Renault 1:17.801 1:17.888 +2.333s
9 24 Spain Luis Pérez-Sala Italy Minardi-Ford Cosworth 1:17.844 1:18.305 +2.376s
10 7 United Kingdom Martin Brundle United Kingdom Brabham-Judd 1:17.874 1:17.995 +2.406s
11 8 Italy Stefano Modena United Kingdom Brabham-Judd 1:18.589 1:18.093 +2.625s
12 36 Sweden Stefan Johansson United Kingdom Onyx-Ford Cosworth 1:19.281 1:18.105 +2.637s
13 19 Italy Alessandro Nannini United Kingdom Benetton-Ford Cosworth 1:18.115 1:18.359 +2.647s
14 15 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin United Kingdom March-Judd 1:18.124 1:18.277 +2.656s
15 31 Brazil Roberto Moreno Italy Coloni-Ford Cosworth 1:18.196 1:20.512 +2.728s
16 20 Italy Emanuele Pirro United Kingdom Benetton-Ford Cosworth 1:18.340 1:18.328 +2.860s
17 30 France Philippe Alliot France Lola-Lamborghini 1:19.306 1:18.386 +2.918s
18 3 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 1:19.172 1:18.404 +2.936s
19 22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Italy Dallara-Ford Cosworth 1:18.442 1:18.511 +2.974s
20 11 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Lotus-Judd 1:18.482 1:18.682 +3.014s
21 29 Italy Michele Alboreto France Lola-Lamborghini 1:18.563 1:18.846 +3.095s
22 9 United Kingdom Derek Warwick United Kingdom Arrows-Ford Cosworth 1:18.711 1:18.892 +3.243s
23 25 France René Arnoux France Ligier-Ford Cosworth 1:18.767 1:19.979 +3.299s
24 16 Italy Ivan Capelli United Kingdom March-Judd 1:19.079 1:18.785 +3.317s
25 12 Japan Satoru Nakajima United Kingdom Lotus-Judd 1:19.278 1:19.165 +3.697s
26 10 United States Eddie Cheever United Kingdom Arrows-Ford Cosworth 1:19.247 1:20.006 +3.779s
DNQ 4 United Kingdom Johnny Herbert United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 1:19.515 1:19.264 +3.796s
DNQ 26 France Olivier Grouillard France Ligier-Ford Cosworth 1:19.605 1:19.436 +3.968s
DNQ 39 France Pierre-Henri Raphanel West Germany Rial-Ford Cosworth 1:21.435 +5.967s
DNQ 38 West Germany Christian Danner West Germany Rial-Ford Cosworth 1:21.678 1:22.423 +6.210s
DNPQ 37 Finland JJ Lehto United Kingdom Onyx-Ford Cosworth 1:20.880
DNPQ 18 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani Italy Osella-Ford Cosworth 1:21.021
DNPQ 33 Argentina Oscar Larrauri Italy EuroBrun-Judd 1:21.326
DNPQ 40 Italy Gabriele Tarquini France AGS-Ford Cosworth 1:21.881
DNPQ 35 Japan Aguri Suzuki West Germany Zakspeed-Yamaha 1:24.116
DNPQ 34 West Germany Bernd Schneider West Germany Zakspeed-Yamaha 1:24.732
DNPQ 32 Italy Enrico Bertaggia Italy Coloni-Ford Cosworth 1:28.526
EXC* 17 Italy Nicola Larini Italy Osella-Ford Cosworth Excluded
EXC 41 France Yannick Dalmas France AGS-Ford Cosworth Excluded
Source:[6][7][8]
  • T Indicates a driver used their test/spare car to set their best time in that session.
  • Bold indicates a driver's best/qualifying time.
  • * Larini was excluded from the results of qualifying for missing a weight check.[5]
  • Dalmas was disqualified for a tyre infringement.[5]

GridEdit

Pos Pos
Driver Driver
______________
Row 1 ______________ 1
2 Ayrton Senna
Gerhard Berger ______________
Row 2 ______________ 3
4 Nigel Mansell
Alain Prost ______________
Row 3 ______________ 5
6 Pierluigi Martini
Riccardo Patrese ______________
Row 4 ______________ 7
8 Alex Caffi
Thierry Boutsen ______________
Row 5 ______________ 9
10 Luis Pérez-Sala
Martin Brundle ______________
Row 6 ______________ 11
12 Stefano Modena
Stefan Johansson ______________
Row 7 ______________ 13
14 Alessandro Nannini
Maurício Gugelmin ______________
Row 8 ______________ 15
16 Roberto Moreno
Emanuele Pirro ______________
Row 9 ______________ 17
18 Philippe Alliot
Jonathan Palmer ______________
Row 10 ______________ 19
20 Andrea de Cesaris
Nelson Piquet ______________
Row 11 ______________ 21
22 Michele Alboreto
Derek Warwick ______________
Row 12 ______________ 23
24 René Arnoux
Ivan Capelli ______________
Row 13 ______________ 25
26 Satoru Nakajima
Eddie Cheever ______________

RaceEdit

ReportEdit

ResultsEdit

The full results for the 1989 Portuguese Grand Prix are outlined below:

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 28 Austria Gerhard Berger Italy Ferrari 71 1:36:48.546 2 9
2 2 France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 71 +32.637s 4 6
3 36 Sweden Stefan Johansson United Kingdom Onyx-Ford Cosworth 71 +55.325s 12 4
4 19 Italy Alessandro Nannini United Kingdom Benetton-Ford Cosworth 71 +1:22.369 13 3
5 23 Italy Pierluigi Martini Italy Minardi-Ford Cosworth 70 +1 Lap 5 2
6 3 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 70 +1 Lap 18 1
7 12 Japan Satoru Nakajima United Kingdom Lotus-Judd 70 +1 Lap 25
8 7 United Kingdom Martin Brundle United Kingdom Brabham-Judd 70 +1 Lap 10
9 30 France Philippe Alliot France Lola-Lamborghini 70 +1 Lap 17
10 15 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin United Kingdom March-Judd 69 +2 Laps 14
11 29 Italy Michele Alboreto France Lola-Lamborghini 69 +2 Laps 21
12 24 Spain Luis Pérez-Sala Italy Minardi-Ford Cosworth 69 +2 Laps 9
13 25 France René Arnoux France Ligier-Ford Cosworth 69 +2 Laps 23
14 8 Italy Stefano Modena United Kingdom Brabham-Judd 69 +2 Laps 11
Ret 6 Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Williams-Renault 60 Overheating 6
Ret 5 Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Williams-Renault 60 Overheating 8
Ret 1 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 48 Collision 1
DSQ* 27 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Italy Ferrari 48 Disqualified 3
Ret 9 United Kingdom Derek Warwick United Kingdom Arrows-Ford Cosworth 37 Accident 22
Ret 11 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Lotus-Judd 33 Collision 20
Ret 21 Italy Alex Caffi Italy Dallara-Ford Cosworth 33 Collision 7
Ret 20 Italy Emanuele Pirro United Kingdom Benetton-Ford Cosworth 29 Suspension 16
Ret 16 Italy Ivan Capelli United Kingdom March-Judd 25 Engine 24
Ret 10 United States Eddie Cheever United Kingdom Arrows-Ford Cosworth 24 Spin 26
Ret 22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Italy Dallara-Ford Cosworth 17 Electrical 19
Ret 31 Brazil Roberto Moreno Italy Coloni-Ford Cosworth 11 Electrical 15
DNQ 4 United Kingdom Johnny Herbert United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth
DNQ 26 France Olivier Grouillard France Ligier-Ford Cosworth
DNQ 39 France Pierre-Henri Raphanel West Germany Rial-Ford Cosworth
DNQ 38 West Germany Christian Danner West Germany Rial-Ford Cosworth
DNPQ 37 Finland JJ Lehto United Kingdom Onyx-Ford Cosworth
DNPQ 18 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani Italy Osella-Ford Cosworth
DNPQ 33 Argentina Oscar Larrauri Italy EuroBrun-Judd
DNPQ 40 Italy Gabriele Tarquini France AGS-Ford Cosworth
DNPQ 35 Japan Aguri Suzuki West Germany Zakspeed-Yamaha
DNPQ 34 West Germany Bernd Schneider West Germany Zakspeed-Yamaha
DNPQ 32 Italy Enrico Bertaggia Italy Coloni-Ford Cosworth
EXC 17 Italy Nicola Larini Italy Osella-Ford Cosworth
EXC 41 France Yannick Dalmas France AGS-Ford Cosworth
Source:[5]
  • T Indicates a driver used their test/spare car.

MilestonesEdit

StandingsEdit

Alain Prost moved within touching distance of a third World Championship title in Portugal, heading to Spain with a 24 point lead. Prost would win the title if he could finish ahead of teammate Ayrton Senna, or if he could finish second with the Brazilian winning the race. Indeed, Senna had to finish first or second in Spain just to keep the title fight alive, having won the same number of races as his teammate.

McLaren-Honda, meanwhile, had continued to add to their Constructors' Championship winning tally in Portugal, moving onto 128 points for the campaign. Behind, Ferrari had moved into second ahead of Williams-Renault, with the two split by a point with three races to go. Those two were set to duel to be runner-up for the rest of the season, with Benetton-Ford Cosworth thirty point off in fourth.

World Championship for Drivers
Pos. Driver Pts. +/-
1 France Alain Prost 75 (77)
2 Brazil Ayrton Senna 51
3 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 38
4 Italy Riccardo Patrese 28
5 Belgium Thierry Boutsen 24
6 Italy Alessandro Nannini 17
7 Austria Gerhard Berger 15 ▲1
8 Brazil Nelson Piquet 9 ▼1
9 United States Eddie Cheever 6
10 Sweden Stefan Johansson 6 ▲10
11 Italy Michele Alboreto 6 ▼1
12 United Kingdom Derek Warwick 6 ▼1
13 France Jean Alesi 5 ▼1
14 United Kingdom Johnny Herbert 5 ▼1
15 Italy Andrea de Cesaris 4 ▼1
16 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin 4
17 Italy Stefano Modena 4 ▼2
18 Italy Alex Caffi 4 ▼1
19 Italy Pierluigi Martini 4 ▲2
20 West Germany Christian Danner 3 ▼2
21 France René Arnoux 2 ▼2
22 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer 2 ▲2
23 United Kingdom Martin Brundle 2 ▼1
24 Italy Gabriele Tarquini 1 ▼1
25 France Olivier Grouillard 1
26 Spain Luis Pérez-Sala 1
World Championship for Constructors
Pos. Team Pts. +/-
1 United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 128
2 Italy Ferrari 53 ▲1
3 United Kingdom Williams-Renault 52 ▼1
4 United Kingdom Benetton-Ford Cosworth 22
5 United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 13
6 United Kingdom Arrows-Ford Cosworth 12
7 United Kingdom Lotus-Judd 9
8 Italy Dallara-Ford Cosworth 8
9 United Kingdom Onyx-Ford Cosworth 6 ▲5
10 United Kingdom Brabham-Judd 6 ▼1
11 Italy Minardi-Ford Cosworth 5 ▲2
12 United Kingdom March-Judd 4 ▼2
13 West Germany Rial-Ford Cosworth 3 ▼2
14 France Ligier-Ford Cosworth 3 ▼2
15 France AGS-Ford Cosworth 1

Only point scoring drivers and constructors are shown.

ReferencesEdit

Images and Videos:

References:

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 '13. Portugal 1989', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2014), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1989/portugal.aspx, (Accessed 21/04/2019)
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 'Portuguese GP, 1989', grandprix.com, (Inside F1 Inc., 2015), http://www.grandprix.com/gpe/rr481.html, (Accessed 21/04/2019)
  3. 'Portugal 1989: Entrants', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2015), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1989/portugal/engages.aspx, (Accessed 21/04/2019)
  4. '1989 Portuguese GP: Pre-Qualifying'. chicanef1.com, (Chicane F1, 2014), http://www.chicanef1.com/race.pl?year=1989&gp=Portuguese%20GP&r=1&type=preq, (Accessed 21/04/2019)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 'Portugal 1989: Result', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2016), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1989/portugal/classement.aspx, (Accessed 21/04/2019)
  6. 'Portuguese Grand Prix - QUALIFYING 1', formula1.com, (Formula One World Championship Ltd., 2019), https://www.formula1.com/en/results.html/1989/races/555/portugal/qualifying-1.html, (Accessed 21/04/2019)
  7. 'Portuguese Grand Prix - QUALIFYING 2', formula1.com, (Formula One World Championship Ltd., 2019), https://www.formula1.com/en/results.html/1989/races/555/portugal/qualifying-2.html, (Accessed 21/04/2019)
  8. 'Portugal 1989: Qualifications', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2016), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1989/portugal/qualification.aspx, (Accessed 21/04/2019)
  9. 9.0 9.1 '1989 Portuguese GP', chicanef1.com, (Chicane F1, 2015), http://www.chicanef1.com/racetit.pl?year=1989&gp=Portuguese%20GP&r=1, (Accessed 21/04/2019)
V T E 1989 Formula One Season
Teams McLaren • Tyrrell • Williams • Brabham • Arrows • Lotus • March • Osella • Benetton • Dallara • Minardi • Ligier • Ferrari • Lola • Coloni • EuroBrun • Zakspeed • Onyx • Rial • AGS
Engines Ferrari • Ford • Honda • Judd • Lamborghini • Renault • Yamaha
Drivers Senna • 2 Prost • 3 Palmer • 4 Alboreto • 4 Alesi • 4 Herbert • 5 Boutsen • 6 Patrese • 7 Brundle • 8 Modena • 9 Warwick • 9 Donnelly • 10 Cheever • 11 Piquet • 12 Nakajima • 15 Gugelmin • 16 Capelli • 17 Larini • 18 Ghinzani • 19 Nannini • 20 Herbert • 20 Pirro • 21 Caffi • 22 De Cesaris • 23 Martini • 23 Barilla • 24 Pérez-Sala • 25 Arnoux • 26 Grouillard • 27 Mansell • 28 Berger • 29 Dalmas • 29 Bernard • 29 Alboreto • 30 Alliot • 31 Moreno • 32 Raphanel • 32 Bertaggia • 33 Foitek • 33 Larrauri • 34 Schneider • 35 Suzuki • 36 Johansson • 37 Gachot • 37 Lehto • 38 Danner • 38 Foitek • 38 Gachot • 39 Weidler • 39 Raphanel • 40 Streiff • 40 Tarquini • 41 Winkelhock • 41 Dalmas
Other Drivers Dumfries • Giacomelli
Cars McLaren MP4/5 • Williams FW12C • Williams FW13 • Ferrari 640 • Benetton B188 • Benetton B189 • Tyrrell 017B • Tyrrell 018 • Lotus 101 • Arrows A11 • Dallara F189 • Brabham BT58 • Onyx ORE-1 • Minardi M188B • Minardi M189 • March 881 • March CG891 • Rial ARC2 • Ligier JS33 • AGS JH23B • AGS JH24 • Lola LC88B • Lola LC89 • Osella FA1M89 • Coloni FC188B • Coloni C3 • Zakspeed 891 • EuroBrun ER188B • EuroBrun ER189
Tyres Goodyear • Pirelli
Races Brazil • San Marino • Monaco • Mexico • United States • Canada • France • Britain • Germany • Hungary • Belgium • Italy • Portugal • Spain • Japan • Australia
See also 1988 Formula One Season • 1990 Formula One Season • Category

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