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The 1988 Detroit Grand Prix, otherwise known officially as the Enichem Detroit Grand Prix VII, was the sixth round of the 1988 FIA Formula One World Championship, staged at the Detroit Street Circuit on the 19 June 1988.[2] The race would see Ayrton Senna claim his third victory of the season ahead of McLaren-Honda teammate Alain Prost, who had to battle his way back up the order to join his teammate at the head of the field.[2]

Indeed, the Frenchman had had a relatively poor qualifying session, slipping into fourth as Senna swept to his sixth straight pole position.[2] In between the two McLarens would come the two scarlet Ferraris, with Gerhard Berger ahead of Michele Alboreto.[2]

Away from the sharp end of the grid and there would be another heavy accident during qualifying, this time involving Ivan Capelli.[2] The Italian's March-Judd spun wildly exiting the final corner before slamming into the pitwall, resulting in Capelli breaking a bone in his foot, while debris caused cuts and bruises to four bystanders.[2]

The start of the race saw Senna sprint away into an early lead, while a poor getaway from Prost saw him get mugged by Thierry Boutsen.[2] That left the Frenchman in fifth for the rest of the opening lap, as Senna danced his McLaren away at the head of the field.[2]

Indeed, Prost would take several laps to move through to second, completing a series of fairly simple moves to grab second on lap six.[2] He duly powered off in a vain attempt to catch teammate Senna, while Berger and Alboreto were left to fight with Boutsen.[2]

Boutsen duly moved past Alboreto to scrap with Berger, only for the pair to come together and slash the Austrian's tyre.[2] A few moments later and Boutsen's teammate Alessandro Nannini attacked Alboreto, only to bounce off the #27 Ferrari and bury his car into the barriers.

Their various issues allowed Pierluigi Martini and Jonathan Palmer into the top six, the latter having lost almost half a lap at the start after a clash with Stefano Modena. They duly scrapped for fifth during the second half of the race, with the track surface deteriorating severely in the closing stages.

Out front, meanwhile, Senna was able to sweep home almost 40 seconds clear of Prost to claim victory, with the two McLarens the only cars on the lead lap.[2] Boutsen was next ahead of Andrea de Cesaris, claiming the first points for Rial-Ford Cosworth, while Palmer beat Martini to the line to claim fifth.[2]

The results of the race left Prost with a twelve point lead at the head of the Championship, with Senna his closest challenger. Berger completed the top three, some fifteen points behind the Brazilian, while McLaren-Honda had a dominant 51 point lead in the Constructors' Championship after just six races.

BackgroundEdit

Victory for Ayrton Senna last time out in Canada had sen the Brazilian ace move into a clear second ahead of Gerhard Berger, and close the gap to Championship leading teammate Alain Prost. Yet, the Frenchman still held a daunting fifteen point lead at the head of the field, meaning Senna was almost two races behind after five races. Elsewhere, Berger himself arrived in a clear third place ahead of Nelson Piquet, while Michele Alboreto completed the top five.

Likewise, Prost and Senna's sparkling form during the early stages of the season had left McLaren-Honda with a huge lead in the Constructors' Championship, leaving Canada with a 36 point lead. Their closest "challengers" were Ferrari, although with less than half the number of points of the Anglo-Japanese alliance there seemed little hope of them catching them. Behind them Lotus-Honda had retained third, and pulled themselves clear of Arrows-Megatron in Canada, while March-Judd had got on the board and were ahead of the similarly powered Williams-Judd squad.

Entry listEdit

The full entry list for the 1988 Detroit Grand Prix is outlined below:

No. Driver Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Model Tyre
1 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Camel Team Lotus Honda Lotus 100T Honda RA168E 1.5 V6t G
2 Japan Satoru Nakajima United Kingdom Camel Team Lotus Honda Lotus 100T Honda RA168E 1.5 V6t G
3 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer United Kingdom Tyrrell Racing Organisation Tyrrell 017 Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G
4 United Kingdom Julian Bailey United Kingdom Tyrrell Racing Organisation Tyrrell 017 Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G
5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Canon Williams Team Williams FW12 Judd CV 3.5 V8 G
6 Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Canon Williams Team Williams FW12 Judd CV 3.5 V8 G
9 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani West Germany West Zakspeed Racing Zakspeed 881 Zakspeed 1500/4 1.5 L4t G
10 West Germany Bernd Schneider West Germany West Zakspeed Racing Zakspeed 881 Zakspeed 1500/4 1.5 L4t G
11 France Alain Prost United Kingdom Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren MP4/4 Honda RA168E 1.5 V6t G
12 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren MP4/4 Honda RA168E 1.5 V6t G
14 France Philippe Streiff France Team El Charro AGS AGS JH23 Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G
15 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin United Kingdom Leyton House March Racing Team March 881 Judd CV 3.5 V8 G
16 Italy Ivan Capelli United Kingdom Leyton House March Racing Team March 881 Judd CV 3.5 V8 G
17 United Kingdom Derek Warwick United Kingdom USF&G Arrows Megatron Arrows A10B Megatron M12/13 1.5 L4t G
18 United States Eddie Cheever United Kingdom USF&G Arrows Megatron Arrows A10B Megatron M12/13 1.5 L4t G
19 Italy Alessandro Nannini United Kingdom Benetton Formula Ltd. Benetton B188 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G
20 Belgium Thierry Boutsen United Kingdom Benetton Formula Ltd. Benetton B188 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G
21 Italy Nicola Larini Italy Osella Squadra Corse Osella FA1L Osella 890T 1.5 V8t G
22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris West Germany Rial Racing Rial ARC1 Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G
23 Italy Pierluigi Martini Italy Lois Minardi Team Minardi M188 Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G
24 Spain Luis Pérez-Sala Italy Lois Minardi Team Minardi M188 Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G
25 France René Arnoux France Equipe Ligier Ligier JS31 Judd CV 3.5 V8 G
26 Sweden Stefan Johansson France Equipe Ligier Ligier JS31 Judd CV 3.5 V8 G
27 Italy Michele Alboreto Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari F187/88C Ferrari 033E 1.5 V6t G
28 Austria Gerhard Berger Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari F187/88C Ferrari 033E 1.5 V6t G
29 France Yannick Dalmas France Larrousse & Camels F1 Lola LC88 Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G
30 France Philippe Alliot France Larrousse & Camels F1 Lola LC88 Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G
31 Italy Gabriele Tarquini Italy Coloni SpA Coloni FC188 Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G
32 Argentina Oscar Larrauri Italy EuroBrun Racing EuroBrun ER188 Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G
33 Italy Stefano Modena Italy EuroBrun Racing EuroBrun ER188 Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G
36 Italy Alex Caffi Italy BMS Scuderia Italia Dallara 188 Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G
Source:[3]

Practice OverviewEdit

QualifyingEdit

Friday QualifyingEdit

Saturday QualifyingEdit

Qualifying ResultsEdit

The full qualifying results for the 1988 Detroit Grand Prix are outlined below:

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Time Gap
Q1 Q2
1 12 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 1:40.606 1:41.719
2 28 Austria Gerhard Berger Italy Ferrari 1:42.283 1:41.464 +0.858s
3 27 Italy Michele Alboreto Italy Ferrari 1:43.925 1:41.700 +1.094s
4 11 France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 1:42.019 1:43.420 +1.413
5 20 Belgium Thierry Boutsen United Kingdom Benetton-Ford Cosworth 1:45.718 1:42.690 +2.084s
6 5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Williams-Judd 1:43.458 1:42.697 +2.091s
7 19 Italy Alessandro Nannini United Kingdom Benetton-Ford Cosworth 1:43.117 1:45.345 +2.511
8 1 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Lotus-Honda 1:44.352 1:43.314 +2.708s
9 17 United Kingdom Derek Warwick United Kingdom Arrows-Megatron 1:44.614 1:43.799 +3.193s
10 6 Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Williams-Judd 1:43.810 1:45.016 + 3.204s
11 14 France Philippe Streiff France AGS-Ford Cosworth 1:44.204 1:44.743 + 3.598s
12 22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris West Germany Rial-Ford Cosworth 1:45.866 1:44.216 + 3.610s
13 15 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin United Kingdom March-Judd 1:44.474 1:53.243 + 3.868s
14 30 France Philippe Alliot France Lola-Ford Cosworth 1:44.590 3:40.532 + 3.984s
15 18 United States Eddie Cheever United Kingdom Arrows-Megatron 1:45.159 1:44.948 + 4.342s
16 23 Italy Pierluigi Martini Italy Minardi-Ford Cosworth 1:47.094 1:45.049 + 4.443s
17 3 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 1:45.268 1:45.662 + 4.662s
18 26 Sweden Stefan Johansson France Ligier-Judd 1:45.275 1:47.135 + 4.669s
19 33 Italy Stefano Modena Italy EuroBrun-Ford Cosworth 1:45.304 + 4.698s
20 25 France René Arnoux France Ligier-Judd 1:45.437 1:47.483 + 4.831s
21* 16 Italy Ivan Capelli United Kingdom March-Judd 1:45.546 + 4.940s
22 36 Italy Alex Caffi Italy Dallara-Ford Cosworth 1:47.493 1:45.750 + 5.144s
23 4 United Kingdom Julian Bailey United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 1:46.286 1:47.801 + 5.680s
24 32 Argentina Oscar Larrauri Italy EuroBrun-Ford Cosworth 1:46.390 1:48.116 + 5.784s
25 29 France Yannick Dalmas France Lola-Ford Cosworth 1:46.422 1:46.447 + 5.816s
26 24 Spain Luis Pérez-Sala Italy Minardi-Ford Cosworth 1:48.186 1:46.593 + 5.987s
27 21 Italy Nicola Larini Italy Osella 1:46.623 1:51.623 + 6.017s
DNQ 2 Japan Satoru Nakajima United Kingdom Lotus-Honda 1:47.243 1:49.353 + 6.637s
DNQ 10 West Germany Bernd Schneider West Germany Zakspeed 1:48.423 1:48.249 + 7.643s
DNQ 9 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani West Germany Zakspeed 1:48.925 1:48.990 + 8.319s
DNPQ 31 Italy Gabriele Tarquini Italy Coloni-Ford Cosworth 1:47.312
Source:[4][5][6]
  • T Indicates a driver used their test/spare car to set their best time in that session.
  • Bold indicates a driver's best/qualifying time.
  • * Capelli was unable to start the race after an accident during the second qualifying session.[7]

GridEdit

Pos Pos
Driver Driver
______________
Row 1 1 ______________
Ayrton Senna 2
______________ Gerhard Berger
Row 2 3 ______________
Michele Alboreto 4
______________ Alain Prost
Row 3 5 ______________
Thierry Boutsen 6
______________ Nigel Mansell
Row 4 7 ______________
Alessandro Nannini 8
______________ Nelson Piquet
Row 5 9 ______________
Derek Warwick 10
______________ Riccardo Patrese
Row 6 11 ______________
Philippe Streiff 12
______________ Andrea de Cesaris
Row 7 13 ______________
Maurício Gugelmin 14
______________ Philippe Alliot
Row 8 15 ______________
Eddie Cheever 16
______________ Pierluigi Martini
Row 9 17 ______________
Jonathan Palmer 18
______________ Stefan Johansson
Row 10 19 ______________
Stefano Modena 20
______________ René Arnoux
Row 11 21 ______________
Alex Caffi 22
______________ Julian Bailey
Row 12 23 ______________
Oscar Larrauri 24
______________ Yannick Dalmas
Row 13 25 ______________
Luis Pérez-Sala 26
______________ Nicola Larini

RaceEdit

ReportEdit

ResultsEdit

The full results for the 1988 Detroit Grand Prix are outlined below:

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 12 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 63 1:54:56.035 1 9
2 11 France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 63 + 38.713 4 6
3 20 Belgium Thierry Boutsen United Kingdom Benetton-Ford Cosworth 62 + 1 Lap 5 4
4 22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris West Germany Rial-Ford Cosworth 62 + 1 Lap 12 3
5 3 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 62 + 1 Lap 17 2
6 23 Italy Pierluigi Martini Italy Minardi-Ford Cosworth 62 + 1 Lap 16 1
7 29 France Yannick Dalmas United Kingdom Lola-Ford Cosworth 61 + 2 Laps 24
8 36 Italy Alex Caffi Italy Dallara-Ford Cosworth 61 + 2 Laps 21
9* 4 United Kingdom Julian Bailey United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 59 Spun Off 22
Ret 24 Spain Luis Pérez-Sala Italy Minardi-Ford Cosworth 54 Gearbox 25
Ret 30 France Philippe Alliot France Lola-Ford Cosworth 46 Halfshaft 14
Ret 33 Italy Stefano Modena Italy EuroBrun-Ford Cosworth 46 Spun Off 19
Ret 27 Italy Michele Alboreto Italy Ferrari 45 Collision 3
Ret 25 France René Arnoux France Ligier-Judd 45 Overheating 20
Ret 15 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin United Kingdom March-Judd 34 Engine 13
Ret 6 Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Williams-Judd 26 Electrical 10
Ret 1 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Lotus-Honda 26 Spun Off 8
Ret 32 Argentina Oscar Larrauri Italy EuroBrun-Ford Cosworth 26 Gearbox 23
Ret 17 United Kingdom Derek Warwick United Kingdom Arrows-Megatron 24 Spun Off 9
Ret 5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Williams-Judd 18 Engine 6
Ret 14 France Philippe Streiff France AGS-Ford Cosworth 15 Suspension 11
Ret 19 Italy Alessandro Nannini United Kingdom Benetton-Ford Cosworth 14 Suspension 7
Ret 18 United States Eddie Cheever United Kingdom Arrows-Megatron 14 Electrical 15
Ret 21 Italy Nicola Larini Italy Osella 7 Engine 26
Ret 28 Austria Gerhard Berger Italy Ferrari 6 Puncture 2
Ret 26 Sweden Stefan Johansson France Ligier-Judd 2 Overheating 18
DNS 16 Italy Ivan Capelli United Kingdom March-Judd
DNQ 2 Japan Satoru Nakajima United Kingdom Lotus-Honda
DNQ 10 West Germany Bernd Schneider West Germany Zakspeed
DNQ 9 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani West Germany Zakspeed
DNPQ 31 Italy Gabriele Tarquini Italy Coloni-Ford Cosworth
Source:[7]
  • T Indicates a driver used their test/spare car.
  • * Bailey was still classified despite retiring as he had completed 90% of the race distance.[7]
  • Capelli was unable to start the race after an accident during qualifying.[7]

MilestonesEdit

StandingsEdit

Alain Prost had seen his lead reduced by teammate Ayrton Senna in Motor City, although the Frenchman still held a healthy twelve point advantage. Those two were in a class of their own at the head of the field, with Senna fifteen clear of third placed Gerhard Berger, with the Austrian already an outsider for the Championship. Elsewhere, Thierry Boutsen had moved ahead of Nelson Piquet to claim fifth, with fifteen drivers now on the score board.

It was also pure domination in the Constructors' Championship, with McLaren-Honda moving onto 78 points after their fourth one-two of the season. They hence left Detroit with a 51 point lead, more than three races worth of points, with Ferrari still their largest threat in second. Elsewhere, Benetton-Ford Cosworth had moved ahead of Lotus-Honda on count-back, and hence claimed third, while Arrows-Megatron retained their spot in the top five.

World Championship for Drivers
Pos. Driver Pts. +/-
1 France Alain Prost 45
2 Brazil Ayrton Senna 33
3 Austria Gerhard Berger 18
4 Belgium Thierry Boutsen 11 ▲3
5 Brazil Nelson Piquet 11 ▼1
6 Italy Michele Alboreto 9 ▼1
7 United Kingdom Derek Warwick 8 ▼1
8 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer 5
9 Italy Andrea de Cesaris 3 ▲9
10 Italy Ivan Capelli 2 ▼1
11 United States Eddie Cheever 1 ▼1
12 Japan Satoru Nakajima 1 ▼1
13 Italy Alessandro Nannini 1 ▼1
14 Italy Riccardo Patrese 1 ▼1
15 Italy Pierluigi Martini 1 ▲12
World Championship for Constructors
Pos. Team Pts. +/-
1 United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 78
2 Italy Ferrari 27
3 United Kingdom Benetton-Ford Cosworth 12 ▲2
4 United Kingdom Lotus-Honda 12 ▼1
5 United Kingdom Arrows-Megatron 9 ▼1
6 United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 5
7 West Germany Rial-Ford Cosworth 3 ▲6
8 United Kingdom March-Judd 2 ▼1
9 Italy Minardi-Ford Cosworth 1 ▲5
10 United Kingdom Williams-Judd 1 ▼2

Only point scoring drivers and constructors are shown.

ReferencesEdit

Images and Videos:

References:

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 '6. USA 1987', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2014), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1988/etats-unis.aspx, (Accessed 09/04/2019)
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 'United States GP, 1988', grandprix.com, (Inside F1 Inc., 2015), http://www.grandprix.com/gpe/rr458.html, (Accessed 09/04/2019)
  3. 'USA 1988: Entrants', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2015), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1988/etats-unis/engages.aspx, (Accessed 09/04/2019)
  4. 'Enichem Grand Prix of USA - QUALIFYING 1', formula1.com, (Formula One World Championship Ltd., 2019), https://www.formula1.com/en/results.html/1988/races/532/detroit/qualifying-1.html, (Accessed 09/04/2019)
  5. 'Enichem Grand Prix of USA - QUALIFYING 1', formula1.com, (Formula One World Championship Ltd., 2019), https://www.formula1.com/en/results.html/1988/races/532/detroit/qualifying-2.html, (Accessed 09/04/2019)
  6. 'USA 1988: Qualifications', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2016), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1988/etats-unis/qualification.aspx, (Accessed 09/04/2019)
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 'USA 1988: Result', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2016), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1988/etats-unis/classement.aspx, (Accessed 09/04/2019)
  8. '1988 Detroit GP', chicanef1.com, (Chicane F1, 2015), http://www.chicanef1.com/racetit.pl?year=1988&gp=Detroit%20GP&r=1, (Accessed 09/04/2019)
V T E 1988 Formula One Season
Teams Lotus • Tyrrell • Williams • Zakspeed • McLaren • AGS • March • Arrows • Benetton • Osella • Rial • Minardi • Ligier • Ferrari • Lola • Coloni • EuroBrun • Dallara
Engines Ferrari • Ford • Honda • Judd • Megatron • Osella • Zakspeed
Drivers Piquet • 2 Nakajima • 3 Palmer • 4 Bailey • 5 Mansell • 5 Brundle • 5 Schlesser • 6 Patrese • 9 Ghinzani • 10 Schneider • 11 Prost • 12 Senna • 14 Streiff • 15 Gugelmin • 16 Capelli • 17 Warwick • 18 Cheever • 19 Nannini • 20 Boutsen • 21 Larini • 22 De Cesaris • 23 Campos • 23 Martini • 24 Pérez-Sala • 25 Arnoux • 26 Johansson • 27 Alboreto • 28 Berger • 29 Dalmas • 29 Suzuki • 29 Raphanel • 30 Alliot • 31 Tarquini • 32 Larrauri • 33 Modena • 36 Caffi
Other Drivers Brabham • Donnelly • Dumfries
Cars McLaren MP4/4 • Ferrari F1/87/88C • Benetton B188 • Lotus 100T • Arrows A10B • March 881 • Williams FW12 • Tyrrell 017 • Rial ARC1 • Minardi M188 • Lola LC88 • Dallara 3087 • Dallara F188 • AGS JH22 • AGS JH23 • Coloni FC188 • Ligier JS31 • Osella FA1I • Osella FA1L • EuroBrun ER188 • Zakspeed 881
Tyres Goodyear
Races Brazil • San Marino • Monaco • Mexico • Canada • Detroit • France • Britain • Germany • Hungary • Belgium • Italy • Portugal • Spain • Japan • Australia
See also 1987 Formula One Season • 1989 Formula One Season • Category

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