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The 1985 Portuguese Grand Prix, otherwise officially known as the 5° Grande Prémio de Portugal, was the second round of the 1985 FIA Formula One World Championship staged at the Autódromo do Estoril, Portugal, on the 21 April 1985.[1] The race would go down in history as the first victory for Ayrton Senna, as the Brazilian showed his mastery of wet conditions at the wheel of his recently acquired Lotus-Renault.[1]

Indeed, the Brazilian was in fine form throughout the weekend, claiming his maiden pole position during qualifying ahead of Championship leader Alain Prost.[1] Keke Rosberg was next ahead of Senna's teammate Elio de Angelis, while defending Champion Niki Lauda, who had won the 1984 crown in Portugal just seven months earlier, lined up in seventh.[1]

Heavy rain arrived at the circuit overnight on Saturday, and continued to soak the circuit ahead of the race.[1] Indeed, there would be several accidents during the warm-up and later reconnaissance laps, with Nigel Mansell and Eddie Cheever having to start from the pitlane in their spare cars after heavy crashes.[1]

Regardless, the race would start on time in spite of the miserable conditions, with Senna slithering into the lead ahead of teammate de Angelis.[1] Behind, Rosberg caused several minor heart-attacks when he stalled on the grid, and was duly collected by the new Zakspeed of Jonathan Palmer which left both cars crippled.[1]

The two Loti would establish a small lead over the rest during the early stages, with the early pace dictated by tyres.[1] Indeed, those using Pirelli manufactured wets would struggle in the early stages, meaning they quickly dropped to the bottom half of the field.[1]

As the race wore on Senna would pull clear at de Angelis at an increasingly rapid rate, leaving the Italian to try and fend off the pack behind.[1] His day was made considerably easier when Prost spun out of the race just before half-distance, although Michele Alboreto and Patrick Tambay would eventually find their way past.[1]

Yet, there would be no catching the sublime Senna out front, with the Brazilian finishing a full minute ahead of Alboreto when the chequered flag fluttered.[1] The Italian himself was the only other man on the lead lap, with Tambay, de Angelis, a charging Mansell and Stefan Bellof, in a naturally aspirated Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth, completing the points.[1]

The race ultimately ran to the two hour time limit rather than the race distance due to the conditions, ending two laps shy of the scheduled distance.[1] Regardless, the race was also notable for being Senna's first ever Grand Chelem, the first points finish for Bellof and the debut for Zakspeed as a constructor.[1]

BackgroundEdit

For the second season in succession it was Alain Prost who had opened his F1 campaign with victory, having left Brazil with a three point lead. Michele Alboreto was his closest challenger, with Elio de Angelis, René Arnoux, Patrick Tambay and Jacques Laffite the only other scorers after the first race of the season.

It was a more interesting picture in the Constructors' Championship arriving in Portugal, with McLaren-TAG Porsche and Ferrari level on nine points. In reality the Anglo-German effort was ahead courtesy of Prost's victory in Brazil, although the Italian's squad's double score suggested that they would be a threat for the full season. Three other teams had also registered points at the opening round, namely Lotus-Renault, Renault and Ligier-Renault.

Entry listEdit

The full entry list for the 1985 Portuguese Grand Prix is outlined below:

No. Driver Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Model Tyre
1 Austria Niki Lauda United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International McLaren MP4/2B TAG/Porsche TTE PO1 1.5 V6t G
2 France Alain Prost United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International McLaren MP4/2B TAG/Porsche TTE PO1 1.5 V6t G
3 United Kingdom Martin Brundle United Kingdom Tyrrell Racing Organisation Tyrrell 012 Ford Cosworth DFY 3.0 V8 G
4 West Germany Stefan Bellof United Kingdom Tyrrell Racing Organisation Tyrrell 012 Ford Cosworth DFY 3.0 V8 G
5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Canon Williams Honda Team Williams FW10 Honda RA163E 1.5 V6t G
6 Finland Keke Rosberg United Kingdom Canon Williams Honda Team Williams FW10 Honda RA163E 1.5 V6t G
7 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Motor Racing Developments Ltd. Brabham BT54 BMW M12/13 1.5 L4t G
8 France François Hesnault United Kingdom Motor Racing Developments Ltd. Brabham BT54 BMW M12/13 1.5 L4t G
9 West Germany Manfred Winkelhock United Kingdom Skoal Bandit F1 Team RAM 03 Hart 415T 1.5 L4t P
10 France Philippe Alliot United Kingdom Skoal Bandit F1 Team RAM 03 Hart 415T 1.5 L4t P
11 Italy Elio de Angelis United Kingdom John Player Special Team Lotus Lotus 97T Renault EF4 1.5 V6t G
12 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom John Player Special Team Lotus Lotus 97T Renault EF4 1.5 V6t G
15 France Patrick Tambay France Equipe Renault Elf Renault RE60 Renault EF4B 1.5 V6t G
16 United Kingdom Derek Warwick France Equipe Renault Elf Renault RE60 Renault EF4B 1.5 V6t G
17 Austria Gerhard Berger United Kingdom Barclay Nordica Arrows BMW Arrows A8 BMW M12/13 1.5 L4t G
18 Belgium Thierry Boutsen United Kingdom Barclay Nordica Arrows BMW Arrows A8 BMW M12/13 1.5 L4t G
19 Sweden Stefan Johansson United Kingdom Toleman Group Motorsport Toleman TG185 Hart 415T 1.5 L4t
20 United Kingdom John Watson United Kingdom Toleman Group Motorsport Toleman TG185 Hart 415T 1.5 L4t
21 Italy Mauro Baldi United Kingdom Spirit Enterprises Ltd. Spirit 101D Hart 415T 1.5 L4t P
22 Italy Riccardo Patrese Italy Benetton Team Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo 185T Alfa Romeo 890T 1.5 L4t G
23 United States Eddie Cheever Italy Benetton Team Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo 185T Alfa Romeo 890T 1.5 L4t G
24 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani Italy Osella Squadra Corse Osella FA1F Alfa Romeo 890T 1.5 L4t P
25 Italy Andrea de Cesaris France Equipe Ligier Ligier JS25 Renault EF4B 1.5 V6t P
26 France Jacques Laffite France Equipe Ligier Ligier JS25 Renault EF4B 1.5 V6t P
27 Italy Michele Alboreto Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 156/85 Ferrari 031 1.5 V6t G
28 Sweden Stefan Johansson Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 156/85 Ferrari 031 1.5 V6t G
29 Italy Pierluigi Martini Italy Minardi F1 Team Minardi M185 Ford Cosworth DFY 3.0 V8 P
30 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer West Germany West Zakspeed Racing Zakspeed 841 Zakspeed 1500/4 1.5 L4t G
Source:[2]

Practice OverviewEdit

QualifyingEdit

Friday QualifyingEdit

Saturday QualifyingEdit

Qualifying ResultsEdit

The full qualifying results for the 1985 Portuguese Grand Prix are outlined below:

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Time Gap
Q1 Q2
1 12 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom Lotus-Renault 1:21.708 1:21.007
2 2 France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-TAG Porsche 1:23.887 1:21.420 +0.413s
3 6 Finland Keke Rosberg United Kingdom Williams-Honda 15:59.178 1:21.904 +0.897s
4 11 Italy Elio de Angelis United Kingdom Lotus-Renault 1:23.306 1:22.159 +1.152s
5 27 Italy Elio de Angelis Italy Ferrari 1:22.831 1:22.577 +1.570s
6 16 United Kingdom Derek Warwick France Renault 1:24.538 1:23.084 +2.077s
7 1 Austria Niki Lauda United Kingdom McLaren-TAG Porsche 1:23.670 1:23.288 +2.281s
8 25 Italy Andrea de Cesaris France Ligier-Renault 1:24.723 1:23.302 +2.295s
9 5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Williams-Honda 1:26.459 1:23.594 +2.587s
10 7 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Brabham-BMW 1:25.588 1:23.618 +2.611s
11 28 Sweden Stefan Johansson Italy Ferrari 1:25.136 1:23.652 +2.645s
12 15 France Patrick Tambay France Renault 1:25.718 1:24.111 +3.104s
13 22 Italy Riccardo Patrese Italy Alfa Romeo 1:24.519 1:24.230 +3.223s
14 23 United States Eddie Cheever Italy Alfa Romeo 1:24.880 1:24.563 +3.556s
15 9 West Germany Manfred Winkelhock United Kingdom RAM-Hart 1:34.876 1:24.721 +3.714s
16 18 Belgium Thierry Boutsen United Kingdom Arrows-BMW 1:24.747 1:26.695 +3.740s
17 17 Austria Gerhard Berger United Kingdom Arrows-BMW 1:26.154 1:24.842 +3.835s
18 26 France Jacques Laffite France Ligier-Renault 1:24.943 1:26.181 +3.936s
19 8 France François Hesnault United Kingdom Brabham-BMW 14:46.042 1:25.717 +4.710s
20 10 France Philippe Alliot United Kingdom RAM-Hart 1:27.430 1:26.186 +5.179s
21 4 West Germany Stefan Bellof United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 1:27.284 1:27.474 +6.277s
22 3 United Kingdom Martin Brundle United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 1:28.694 1:27.602 +6.595s
23 30 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer West Germany Zakspeed 1:28.166 +7.159s
24 21 Italy Mauro Baldi Italy Spirit-Hart 1:30.231 1:28.473 +7.466s
25 29 Italy Pierluigi Martini Italy Minardi-Ford Cosworth 1:31.205 1:28.596 +7.589s
26 24 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani Italy Osella-Alfa Romeo 1:30.855 +9.848s
WD* 19 Sweden Stefan Johansson United Kingdom Toleman-Hart Withdrawn
WD* 20 United Kingdom John Watson United Kingdom Toleman-Hart Withdrawn
Source:[3][4][5]
  • T Indicates a driver used their test/spare car to set their best time in that session.
  • Bold indicates a driver's best/qualifying time.
  • * Both Toleman entries were withdrawn due to a lack of tyre supply.[5]

GridEdit

Pos Pos
Driver Driver
______________
Row 1 ______________ 1
2 Ayrton Senna
Alain Prost ______________
Row 2 ______________ 3
4 Keke Rosberg
Elio de Angelis ______________
Row 3 ______________ 5
6 Michele Alboreto
Derek Warwick ______________
Row 4 ______________ 7
8 Niki Lauda
Andrea de Cesaris ______________
Row 5 ______________ 9
10 Nigel Mansell*
Nelson Piquet ______________
Row 6 ______________ 11
12 Stefan Johansson
Patrick Tambay ______________
Row 7 ______________ 13
14 Riccardo Patrese
Eddie Cheever* ______________
Row 8 ______________ 15
16 Manfred Winkelhock
Thierry Boutsen ______________
Row 9 ______________ 17
18 Gerhard Berger
Jacques Laffite ______________
Row 10 ______________ 19
20 François Hesnault
Philippe Alliot ______________
Row 11 ______________ 21
22 Stefan Bellof
Martin Brundle ______________
Row 12 ______________ 23
24 Jonathan Palmer
Mauro Baldi ______________
Row 13 ______________ 25
26 Pierluigi Martini*
Piercarlo Ghinzani ______________
  • * Mansell, Cheever and Martini all started from the pit lane after accidents on the way to the grid.[5]

RaceEdit

ReportEdit

ResultsEdit

The full results for the 1985 Portuguese Grand Prix are outlined below:

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 12 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom Lotus-Renault 67 2:00:28.006 1 9
2 27 Italy Michele Alboreto Italy Ferrari 67 +1:02.978 5 6
3 15 France Patrick Tambay France Renault 66 +1 Lap 12 4
4 11 Italy Elio de Angelis United Kingdom Lotus-Renault 66 +1 Lap 4 3
5 5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Williams-Honda 65 +2 Laps 9 2
6 4 West Germany Stefan Bellof United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 65 +2 Laps 21 1
7 16 United Kingdom Derek Warwick France Renault 65 +2 Laps 6
8 28 Sweden Stefan Johansson Italy Ferrari 62 +5 Laps 11
9 24 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani Italy Osella-Alfa Romeo 61 +6 Laps 26
NC* 9 West Germany Manfred Winkelhock United Kingdom RAM-Hart 50 +17 Laps 15
Ret 1 Austria Niki Lauda United Kingdom McLaren-TAG Porsche 49 Engine 7
Ret 23 United States Eddie Cheever Italy Alfa Romeo 36 Engine 14
Ret 2 France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-TAG Porsche 30 Spin 2
Ret 25 Italy Andrea de Cesaris France Ligier-Renault 29 Tyre 8
Ret 7 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Brabham-BMW 28 Tyre 16
Ret 18 Belgium Thierry Boutsen United Kingdom Arrows-BMW 28 Electrical 10
Ret 3 United Kingdom Martin Brundle United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 20 Transmission 22
Ret 21 Italy Mauro Baldi United Kingdom Spirit-Hart 19 Spin 24
Ret 6 Finland Keke Rosberg United Kingdom Williams-Honda 16 Spin 3
Ret 26 France Jacques Laffite France Ligier-Renault 15 Tyre 18
Ret 17 Austria Gerhard Berger United Kingdom Arrows-BMW 12 Spin 17
Ret 29 Italy Pierluigi Martini Italy Minardi-Ford Cosworth 12 Spin 25
Ret 22 Italy Riccardo Patrese Italy Alfa Romeo 4 Spin 13
Ret 10 France Philippe Alliot United Kingdom RAM-Hart 3 Spin 20
Ret 8 France François Hesnault United Kingdom Brabham-BMW 3 Electrical 19
Ret 30 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer West Germany Zakspeed 2 Suspension 23
WD 19 Sweden Stefan Johansson United Kingdom Toleman-Hart
WD 20 United Kingdom John Watson United Kingdom Toleman-Hart
Source:[6]
  • T Indicates a driver used their test/spare car.
  • * Winkelhock could not be classified as he failed to complete 90% of the race distance.[6]

MilestonesEdit

StandingsEdit

After two seconds in the opening two races it was Michele Alboreto who emerged at the head of the Championship at the end of the visit to Portugal, the Italian establishing a three point lead. Race winners Alain Prost and Ayrton Senna were next, having taken a win apiece, but with the Frenchman positioned ahead despite being level on nine points. Fourth, meanwhile, would be occupied by Elio de Angelis, with nine drivers on the score board.

In the Constructors' Championship it was Lotus-Renault who emerged at the head of the field, the Ethel team ending the weekend on sixteen points. Ferrari were their closest challengers in second, a point behind, while McLaren-TAG Porsche were still in single figures in third. Elsewhere, Renault were in fourth ahead of Williams-Honda, while Ligier-Renault and Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth had a point apiece.

World Championship for Drivers
Pos. Driver Pts. +/-
1 Italy Michele Alboreto 12 ▲1
2 France Alain Prost 9 ▼1
3 Brazil Ayrton Senna 9 ▲12
4 Italy Elio de Angelis 3 ▼1
5 France Patrick Tambay 6
6 France René Arnoux 1 ▼2
7 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 2 ▲16
8 France Jacques Laffite 1 ▼1
9 West Germany Stefan Bellof 1 ▲17
World Championship for Manufacturers
Pos. Team Pts. +/-
1 United Kingdom Lotus-Renault 9 ▲2
2 Italy Ferrari 15
3 United Kingdom McLaren-TAG Porsche 9 ▼2
4 France Renault 6
5 United Kingdom Williams-Honda 2 ▲7
6 United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 1 ▲1
7 France Ligier-Renault 1 ▼2

Only point scoring drivers and constructors are shown.

ReferencesEdit

Images and Videos:

References:

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 'Portuguese GP, 1985', grandprix.com, (Inside F1 Inc., 2015), http://www.grandprix.com/gpe/rr406.html, (Accessed 22/03/2019)
  2. 'Brazil 1985: Entrants', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2015), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1985/bresil/engages.aspx, (Accessed 22/03/2019)
  3. 'Portugal Grand Prix 1985 - QUALIFYING 1', formula1.com, (Formula One World Championship Ltd., 2019), https://www.formula1.com/en/results.html/1985/races/483/portugal/qualifying-1.html, (Accessed 22/03/2019)
  4. 'Portuguese Grand Prix 1985 - QUALIFYING 2', formula1.com, (Formula One World Championship Ltd., 2019), https://www.formula1.com/en/results.html/1985/races/483/portugal/qualifying-2.html, (Accessed 22/03/2019)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 'Portugal 1985: Qualifications', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2016), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1985/portugal/qualification.aspx, (Accessed 22/03/2019)
  6. 6.0 6.1 'Portugal 1985: Result', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2016), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1985/portugal/classement.aspx, (Accessed 22/03/2019)
  7. 7.0 7.1 '1985 Portuguese GP', chicanef1.com, (Chicane F1, 2015), http://www.chicanef1.com/racetit.pl?year=1985&gp=Portuguese%20GP&r=1, (Accessed 22/03/2019)
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 '2. Portugal 1985', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2014), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1985/portugal.aspx, (Accessed 22/03/2019)
V T E 1985 Formula One Season
Teams McLaren • Tyrrell • Williams • Brabham • RAM • Lotus • Renault • Arrows • Toleman • Spirit • Alfa Romeo • Osella • Ligier • Ferrari • Minardi • Zakspeed • Lola
Engines Alfa Romeo • BMW • Ferrari • Ford • Hart • Honda • Motori Moderni • Renault • TAG • Zakspeed
Drivers Lauda • 2 Prost • 3/4 Brundle • 4 Johansson • 3/4 Bellof • 4 Capelli • 4 Streiff • 5 Mansell • 6 Rosberg • 7 Piquet • 8 Hesnault • 8 Surer • 9 Winkelhock • 9/10 Alliot • 10 Acheson • 11 De Angelis • 12 Senna • 14 Hesnault • 15 Tambay • 16 Warwick • 17 Berger • 18 Boutsen • 19 Fabi • 20 Ghinzani • 21 Baldi • 22 Patrese • 23 Cheever • 24 Ghinzani • 24 Rothengatter • 25 De Cesaris • 25 Streiff • 26 Laffite • 27 Alboreto • 28 Arnoux • 28 Johansson • 29 Martini • 30 Palmer • 30 Danner • 33 Jones
Cars McLaren MP4/2B • Ferrari 156/85 • Williams FW10 • Lotus 97T • Brabham BT54 • Ligier JS25 • Renault RE60 • Arrows A8 • Tyrrell 012 • Tyrrell 014 • Osella FA1F • Minardi M185 • Alfa Romeo 184TB • Alfa Romeo 185T • RAM 03 • Zakspeed 841 • Toleman TG185 • Spirit 101D • Lola THL1
Tyres Goodyear • Pirelli
Races Brazil • Portugal • San Marino • Monaco • Canada • Detroit • France • Britain • Germany • Austria • Netherlands • Italy • Belgium • Europe • South Africa • Australia
See also 1984 Formula One Season • 1986 Formula One Season • Category

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