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The 1985 European Grand Prix, otherwise advertised as the XXXVII Shell Oils Grand Prix of Europe, was the fourteenth round of the 1985 FIA Formula One World Championship, staged at Brands Hatch in the UK on the 6 October 1985.[1] The race would see Nigel Mansell claim a popular maiden victory on home soil, as Alain Prost secured his maiden World Championship triumph.[1]

Qualifying had seen Ayrton Senna grab pole position for Lotus-Renault once again, edging out compatriot Nelson Piquet of Brabham-BMW.[1] The second row proved to be an all-Williams-Honda affair, Mansell ahead of Keke Rosberg, while Prost grabbed sixth with title rival Michele Alboreto down in twelfth.[1]

The start would see Rosberg make an initially awful getaway, allowing Mansell to charge into second behind Senna.[1] Prost, meanwhile, would get caught out by the slow starting Finn, and duly dropped to fourteenth after a bounce across the grass trying to avoid the Williams-Honda.[1]

The early stages would see Mansell slip back behind both Rosberg, who made up for his poor start by immediately leaping back into second, and Piquet, while Prost fought his way back into the top ten.[1] The top four would subsequently pull clear of Elio de Angelis and Marc Surer, while Derek Warwick was an early retirement when his fuel injectors failed.[1]

However, the entire picture of the race was to change on lap seven, for a lunge from Rosberg on Senna for the lead would result in the Williams getting pitched into a spin.[1] Piquet, running right behind the Finn, duly smashed into the front wheel of the pirouetting Finn and destroyed the front of his car, while Mansell swept through to claim second.[1]

Rosberg would manage to limp back to the pits and rejoin, losing almost an entire lap as he had his punctured tyre replaced.[1] Indeed, the Finn would sprint out of the pits just in time to aid teammate Mansell's bid for the lead, managing to "accidentally" hold Senna up enough for Mansell to catch and pass the Brazilian.[1]

With Mansell leading Rosberg was cleared to unlap himself, with the Finn duly sprinting away to catch the back of the field.[1] Elsewhere, Prost had moved back into the top six, but was being harassed by Jacques Laffite, while Alboreto's race came to an early end with a turbo failure.[1]

Indeed, the rest of the race would be about Prost's bid for the title, for the Frenchman only needed to finish fifth once Alboreto disappeared.[1] However, Prost's pace was not particularly strong, and as the race entered its final phases he would be passed by both Laffite and a charging Rosberg.[1] Fortunately for him a series of retirements would keep him up in the top six, before a late move on de Angelis left him in fifth.[1]

With that the race was run, with Mansell sweeping home to claim victory from Senna by twenty seconds, while Rosberg was a full minute behind in third.[1] Prost, meanwhile, would clinch the title with fourth, following a late engine failure for Laffite, with de Angelis and Thierry Boutsen completing the points.[1]

The three points Prost registered for fourth ensured that he became the first French World Champion in F1 history. His team McLaren-TAG Porsche, meanwhile, were a race away from claiming the Constructors' Championship for the second successive season, with two races left in 1985.

BackgroundEdit

Third place in Belgium had ensured that Alain Prost extended his Championship lead over Michele Alboreto, with the pair having ended the weekend some sixteen points apart. Indeed, with just 27 points left to fight for Prost could realistically win the title at Brands Hatch, provided he scored two more points than Alboreto. Elsewhere, Ayrton Senna had moved into third after his second victory of the season, with Elio de Angelis having continued to slip away in fourth.

The Constructors Championship was still being led by McLaren-TAG Porsche after the battle of Belgium, although their lead was still a fairly insecure six points. Indeed, Ferrari had only dropped a couple of points further behind the Anglo-German effort after the visit to Spa, and hence remained a major contender for the title. Furthermore, Lotus-Renault had closed the gap in third, moving to within twenty points of the leaders.

Entry ListEdit

The full entry list for the 1985 European Grand Prix is outlined below:

No. Driver Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Model Tyre
1 United Kingdom John Watson United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International McLaren MP4/2B TAG Porsche TTE PO1 1.5 V6t G
2 France Alain Prost United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International McLaren MP4/2B TAG Porsche TTE PO1 1.5 V6t G
3 United Kingdom Martin Brundle United Kingdom Tyrrell Racing Organisation Tyrrell 014 Renault EF4B 1.5 V6t G
4 Italy Ivan Capelli United Kingdom Tyrrell Racing Organisation Tyrrell 014 Renault EF4B 1.5 V6t G
5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Canon Williams Honda Team Williams FW10B Honda RA163E 1.5 V6t G
6 Finland Keke Rosberg United Kingdom Canon Williams Honda Team Williams FW10B Honda RA163E 1.5 V6t G
7 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Motor Racing Developments Ltd. Brabham BT54 BMW M12/13 1.5 L4t P
8 Switzerland Marc Surer United Kingdom Motor Racing Developments Ltd. Brabham BT54 BMW M12/13 1.5 L4t P
9 France Philippe Alliot United Kingdom Skoal Bandit F1 Team RAM 03 Hart 415T 1.5 L4t P
11 Italy Elio de Angelis United Kingdom John Player Special Team Lotus Lotus 97T Renault EF4 1.5 V6t G
12 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom John Player Special Team Lotus Lotus 97T Renault EF4 1.5 V6t G
15 France Patrick Tambay France Equipe Renault Elf Renault RE60B Renault EF15 1.5 V6t G
16 United Kingdom Derek Warwick France Equipe Renault Elf Renault RE60B Renault EF15 1.5 V6t G
17 Austria Gerhard Berger United Kingdom Barclay Arrows BMW Arrows A8 BMW M12/13 1.5 L4t G
18 Belgium Thierry Boutsen United Kingdom Barclay Arrows BMW Arrows A8 BMW M12/13 1.5 L4t G
19 Italy Teo Fabi United Kingdom Toleman Group Motorsport Toleman TG185 Hart 415T 1.5 L4t P
20 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani United Kingdom Toleman Group Motorsport Toleman TG185 Hart 415T 1.5 L4t P
22 Italy Riccardo Patrese Italy Benetton Team Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo 185T Alfa Romeo 890T 1.5 V8t G
23 United States Eddie Cheever Italy Benetton Team Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo 185T Alfa Romeo 890T 1.5 V8t G
24 Netherlands Huub Rothengatter Italy Osella Squadra Corse Osella FA1G Alfa Romeo 890T 1.5 V8t P
25 France Philippe Streiff France Equipe Ligier Gitanes Ligier JS25 Renault EF4B 1.5 V6t P
26 France Jacques Laffite France Equipe Ligier Gitanes Ligier JS25 Renault EF4B 1.5 V6t P
27 Italy Michele Alboreto Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 156/85 Ferrari 031 1.5 V6t G
28 Sweden Stefan Johansson Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 156/85 Ferrari 031 1.5 V6t G
29 Italy Pierluigi Martini Italy Minardi Team SpA Minardi M185 Motori Moderni 615-90 1.5 V6t P
30 West Germany Christian Danner West Germany West Zakspeed Racing Zakspeed 841 Zakspeed 1500/4 1.5 L4t G
33 Australia Alan Jones United States Team Haas (USA) Ltd. Lola THL1 Hart 415T 1.5 L4t G
Source:[2]

Practice OverviewEdit

QualifyingEdit

Friday QualifyingEdit

Saturday QualifyingEdit

Qualifying ResultsEdit

The full qualifying results for the 1985 European Grand Prix are outlined below:

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Time Gap
Q1 Q2
1 12 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom Lotus-Renault 1:08.020 1:07.169
2 7 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Brabham-BMW 1:09.204 1:07.482 +0.313s
3 5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Williams-Honda 1:10.537 1:08.059 +0.890s
4 6 Finland Keke Rosberg United Kingdom Williams-Honda 1:09.277 1:08.197 +1.028s
5 25 France Philippe Streiff France Ligier-Renault 1:10.396 1:09.080 +1.911s
6 2 France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-TAG Porsche 1:10.345 1:09.429 +2.260s
7 8 Switzerland Marc Surer United Kingdom Brabham-BMW 1:09.762 1:09.913 +2.593s
8 16 United Kingdom Derek Warwick France Renault 1:11.014 1:09.904 +2.735s
9 11 Italy Elio de Angelis United Kingdom Lotus-Renault 1:11.530 1:10.014 +2.845s
10 26 France Jacques Laffite France Ligier-Renault 1:11.312 1:10.081 +2.912s
11 22 Italy Riccardo Patrese Italy Alfa Romeo 1:10.963 1:10.251 +3.082s
12 18 Belgium Thierry Boutsen United Kingdom Arrows-BMW 1:10.918 1:10.323 +3.154s
13 28 Sweden Stefan Johansson Italy Ferrari 1:11.309 1:10.517 +3.348s
14 20 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani United Kingdom Toleman-Hart 1:13.517 1:10.570 +3.401s
15 27 Italy Michele Alboreto Italy Ferrari 1:10.877 1:10.659 +3.490s
16 3 United Kingdom Martin Brundle United Kingdom Tyrrell-Renault 1:11.296 1:10.731 +3.562s
17 15 France Patrick Tambay France Renault 1:13.048 1:10.934 +3.765s
18 23 United States Eddie Cheever Italy Alfa Romeo 1:12.766 1:11.500 +4.331s
19 17 Austria Gerhard Berger United Kingdom Arrows-BMW 1:11.608 1:11.638 +4.439s
20 19 Italy Teo Fabi United Kingdom Toleman-Hart 1:13.024 1:12.090 +4.921s
21 1 United Kingdom John Watson United Kingdom McLaren-TAG Porsche 1:12.496 1:12.516 +5.327s
22 33 Australia Alan Jones United States Lola-Hart 1:14.050 1:13.084 +5.915s
23 9 France Philippe Alliot United Kingdom RAM-Hart 1:14.355 1:13.537 +6.368s
24 4 Italy Ivan Capelli United Kingdom Tyrrell-Renault 1:16.879 1:13.721 +6.552s
25 30 West Germany Christian Danner West Germany Zakspeed 1:15.947 1:15.054 +7.885s
26 29 Italy Pierluigi Martini Italy Minardi-Motori Moderni 1:16.642 1:15.127 +9.473s
DNQ 24 Netherlands Huub Rothengatter Italy Osella-Alfa Romeo 1:16.994 1:18.022 +9.825s
Source:[3][4][5]
  • T Indicates a driver used their test/spare car to set their best time in that session.
  • Bold indicates a driver's best/qualifying time.

GridEdit

Pos Pos
Driver Driver
______________
Row 1 ______________ 1
2 Ayrton Senna
Nelson Piquet ______________
Row 2 ______________ 3
4 Nigel Mansell
Keke Rosberg ______________
Row 3 ______________ 5
6 Philippe Streiff
Alain Prost ______________
Row 4 ______________ 7
8 Marc Surer
Derek Warwick ______________
Row 5 ______________ 9
10 Elio de Angelis
Jacques Laffite ______________
Row 6 ______________ 11
12 Riccardo Patrese
Thierry Boutsen ______________
Row 7 ______________ 13
14 Stefan Johansson
Piercarlo Ghinzani ______________
Row 8 ______________ 15
16 Michele Alboreto
Martin Brundle ______________
Row 9 ______________ 17
18 Patrick Tambay
Eddie Cheever ______________
Row 10 ______________ 19
20 Gerhard Berger
Teo Fabi ______________
Row 11 ______________ 21
22 John Watson
Alan Jones ______________
Row 12 ______________ 23
24 Philippe Alliot
Ivan Capelli ______________
Row 13 ______________ 25
26 Christian Danner
Pierluigi Martini ______________

RaceEdit

ReportEdit

ResultsEdit

The full results for the 1985 European Grand Prix are outlined below:

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Williams-Honda 75 1:32:58.109 3 9
2 12 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom Lotus-Renault 75 +21.396s 1 6
3 6 Finland Keke Rosberg United Kingdom Williams-Honda 75 +58.533s 4 4
4 2 France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-TAG Porsche 75 +1:06.121 6 3
5 11 Italy Elio de Angelis United Kingdom Lotus-Renault 74 +1 Lap 9 2
6 18 Belgium Thierry Boutsen United Kingdom Arrows-BMW 73 +2 Laps 12 1
7 1 United Kingdom John Watson United Kingdom McLaren-TAG Porsche 73 +2 Laps 21
8 25 France Philippe Streiff France Ligier-Renault 73 +2 Laps 5
9 22 Italy Riccardo Patrese Italy Alfa Romeo 73 +2 Laps 11
10 17 Austria Gerhard Berger United Kingdom Arrows-BMW 73 +2 Laps 19
11 23 United States Eddie Cheever Italy Alfa Romeo 73 +2 Laps 18
12 15 France Patrick Tambay France Renault 72 +3 Laps 17
Ret 8 Switzerland Marc Surer United Kingdom Brabham-BMW 62 Turbo 7
Ret 28 Sweden Stefan Johansson Italy Ferrari 59 Electrical 13
Ret 26 France Jacques Laffite France Ligier-Renault 58 Engine 10
Ret 30 West Germany Christian Danner West Germany Zakspeed 55 Engine 25
Ret 4 Italy Ivan Capelli United Kingdom Tyrrell-Renault 44 Accident 24
Ret 3 United Kingdom Martin Brundle United Kingdom Tyrrell-Renault 40 Water leak 16
Ret 19 Italy Teo Fabi United Kingdom Toleman-Hart 33 Engine 20
Ret 9 France Philippe Alliot United Kingdom RAM-Hart 31 Engine 23
Ret 20 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani United Kingdom Toleman-Hart 16 Engine 14
Ret 33 Australia Alan Jones United States Lola-Hart 13 Radiator 22
Ret 27 Italy Michele Alboreto Italy Ferrari 13 Turbo 15
Ret 7 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Brabham-BMW 6 Collision 2
Ret 16 United Kingdom Derek Warwick France Renault 4 Fuel injector 8
Ret 29 Italy Pierluigi Martini Italy Minardi-Motori Moderni 3 Accident 26
DNQ 24 Netherlands Huub Rothengatter Italy Osella-Alfa Romeo
Source:[6]
  • T Indicates a driver used their test/spare car.

MilestonesEdit

StandingsEdit

Fourth place was more than enough for Alain Prost to claim his maiden World Championship, the Frenchman becoming the first man from La République to claim the crown. Indeed, Michele Alboreto would have to settle for second after his retirement at Brands Hatch, with the Italian holding a healthy fifteen point advantage over third placed Ayrton Senna. The Brazilian himself, meanwhile, could secure his first top-three Championship finish in South Africa, if he could outscore teammate Elio de Angelis.

In the Constructors' Championship it was advantage McLaren-TAG Porsche with two rounds to go, with the Anglo-German effort needing to outscore Ferrari by six points in South Africa to take the crown. Indeed, the Italian team were now under serious threat of losing second, with Lotus-Renault making a late bid for the title amid Senna's late form. The Ethel effort would head to Kyalami fifteen points behind the leaders, and just six off the back of the Scuderia in second, although McLaren-TAG Porsche were still favourites regardless.

World Championship for Drivers
Pos. Driver Pts. +/-
1 France Alain Prost 72
2 Italy Michele Alboreto 53
3 Brazil Ayrton Senna 38
4 Italy Elio de Angelis 33
5 Finland Keke Rosberg 25
6 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 22 ▲3
7 Brazil Nelson Piquet 21 ▼1
8 Sweden Stefan Johansson 21 ▼1
9 Austria Niki Lauda 14 ▼1
10 France Patrick Tambay 11
11 Belgium Thierry Boutsen 10 ▲1
12 France Jacques Laffite 10 ▼1
13 Switzerland Marc Surer 5
14 United Kingdom Derek Warwick 5
15 West Germany Stefan Bellof 4
16 Italy Andrea de Cesaris 3
17 France René Arnoux 3
World Championship for Manufacturers
Pos. Team Pts. +/-
1 United Kingdom McLaren-TAG Porsche 86
2 Italy Ferrari 77
3 United Kingdom Lotus-Renault 71
4 United Kingdom Williams-Honda 47
5 United Kingdom Brabham-BMW 26
6 France Renault 16
7 France Ligier-Renault 13
8 United Kingdom Arrows-BMW 10
9 United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 4

Only point scoring drivers and constructors are shown.

ReferencesEdit

Images and Videos:

References:

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 'European GP, 1985', grandprix.com, (Inside F1 Inc., 2015), http://www.grandprix.com/gpe/rr418.html, (Accessed 26/03/2019)
  2. 'Europe 1985: Entrants', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2015), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1985/europe/engages.aspx, (Accessed 26/03/2019)
  3. 'Shell Oils Grand Prix of Europe - QUALIFYING 1', formula1.com, (Formula One World Championship Ltd., 2019), https://www.formula1.com/en/results.html/1985/races/495/europe/qualifying-1.html, (Accessed 26/03/2019)
  4. 'Shell Oils Grand Prix of Europe - QUALIFYING 2', formula1.com, (Formula One World Championship Ltd., 2019), https://www.formula1.com/en/results.html/1985/races/495/europe/qualifying-2.html, (Accessed 26/03/2019)
  5. 'Europe 1985: Qualifications', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2016), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1985/europe/engages.aspx, (Accessed 26/03/2019)
  6. 'Europe 1985: Result', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2016), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1985/europe/classement.aspx, (Accessed 26/03/2019)
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 '1985 European GP', chicanef1.com, (Chicane F1, 2015), http://www.chicanef1.com/racetit.pl?year=1985&gp=European%20GP&r=1, (Accessed 26/03/2019)
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 '14. Europe 1985', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2014), https://www.statsf1.com/en/1985/europe.aspx, (Accessed 26/03/2019)
V T E 1985 Formula One Season
Teams McLaren • Tyrrell • Williams • Brabham • RAM • Lotus • Renault • Arrows • Toleman • Spirit • Alfa Romeo • Osella • Ligier • Ferrari • Minardi • Zakspeed • Lola
Engines Alfa Romeo • BMW • Ferrari • Ford • Hart • Honda • Motori Moderni • Renault • TAG • Zakspeed
Drivers Lauda • 2 Prost • 3/4 Brundle • 4 Johansson • 3/4 Bellof • 4 Capelli • 4 Streiff • 5 Mansell • 6 Rosberg • 7 Piquet • 8 Hesnault • 8 Surer • 9 Winkelhock • 9/10 Alliot • 10 Acheson • 11 De Angelis • 12 Senna • 14 Hesnault • 15 Tambay • 16 Warwick • 17 Berger • 18 Boutsen • 19 Fabi • 20 Ghinzani • 21 Baldi • 22 Patrese • 23 Cheever • 24 Ghinzani • 24 Rothengatter • 25 De Cesaris • 25 Streiff • 26 Laffite • 27 Alboreto • 28 Arnoux • 28 Johansson • 29 Martini • 30 Palmer • 30 Danner • 33 Jones
Cars McLaren MP4/2B • Ferrari 156/85 • Williams FW10 • Lotus 97T • Brabham BT54 • Ligier JS25 • Renault RE60 • Arrows A8 • Tyrrell 012 • Tyrrell 014 • Osella FA1F • Minardi M185 • Alfa Romeo 184TB • Alfa Romeo 185T • RAM 03 • Zakspeed 841 • Toleman TG185 • Spirit 101D • Lola THL1
Tyres Goodyear • Pirelli
Races Brazil • Portugal • San Marino • Monaco • Canada • Detroit • France • Britain • Germany • Austria • Netherlands • Italy • Belgium • Europe • South Africa • Australia
See also 1984 Formula One Season • 1986 Formula One Season • Category
V T E Europe European Grand Prix
Races 19501951195219531954195519561957195819591960196119621963196419651966196719681969–19711972197319741975197619771978–19821983198419851986–1992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013–20152016
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