The 1962 Formula One season was the 13th season of the FIA Formula One World Championship. Lasting from the 20th of May in the Netherlands for the Dutch Grand Prix, until the 29th of December with the South African Grand Prix, the nine race season saw Phil Hill run with Ferrari as the defending World Champions.
The first four races saw three maiden winners, with Graham Hill starting the season with victory at Zandvoort. After Bruce McLaren claimed his third career win around Monte-Carlo, Jim Clark claimed his first victory by sweeping to a battling win over Hill in Belgium. It was then Dan Gurney's turn to step onto the top of the podium, the American claiming a maiden win for both himself and Porsche at the French Grand Prix.
The rest of the season's races were shared between Clark and Hill, with Clark dominating the British Grand Prix to earn his first Grand Chelem. He and Hill would arrive for the season finale with three wins apiece, but with the Englishman holding a nine point lead over the Scot. The race, and the Championship, looked to be going to Clark as the race drew on, until an oil leak ended his season just twenty laps from the end. Hill was promoted to the lead of the race and duly earned his first title, with his team BRM also taking the honours in the Intercontinental Cup for Manufacturers.
The season was not without tragedy however, with three major accidents in non-Championship races ending the careers of three drivers while they were racing for the Rob Walker Racing Team. The first came at the X Glover Trophy meeting, where Stirling Moss was put into a coma after destroying his Lotus 18 by hitting an earth bank. The Brit would miss the season while recovering from injuries, attending several races at the end of the season as a spectator. The other two major accidents, however, proved fatal with both occurring in the break between the United States Grand Prix and the season finale. The first came at the I Mexican Grand Prix, where Ricardo Rodríguez, home hero, was killed in practice, before Gary Hocking came to his demise in practice at the II Natal Grand Prix.
- 1 Background
- 2 Teams and Drivers
- 3 Calendar
- 4 Season Review
- 4.1 Pre-season
- 4.2 Round 1: 1962 Dutch Grand Prix
- 4.3 Round 2: 1962 Monaco Grand Prix
- 4.4 Round 3: 1962 Belgian Grand Prix
- 4.5 Round 4: 1962 French Grand Prix
- 4.6 Round 5: 1962 British Grand Prix
- 4.7 Round 6: 1962 German Grand Prix
- 4.8 Round 7: 1962 Italian Grand Prix
- 4.9 Round 8: 1962 United States Grand Prix
- 4.10 Round 9: 1962 South African Grand Prix
- 4.11 Non-Championship Races
- 5 Final Standings
- 6 References
Background[edit | edit source]
Teams and Drivers[edit | edit source]
Entry List[edit | edit source]
The full entry list for the 1961 Formula One Season is shown below, sorted by car number:
Calendar[edit | edit source]
The 1962 season would feature nine World Championship races held across three continents with the addition of the South African Grand Prix in late December, with the calendar largely the same as it had been in 1961. With an additional twenty non-Championship races running to Formula One specifications, it would be a busy season for the drivers, starting from the non-Championship V Cape Grand Prix on the 2nd of January.
World Championship Schedule[edit | edit source]
The World Championship rounds started in the Netherlands, the Dutch Grand Prix kicking off proceedings. After the visit to Zandvoort the season would head to Monaco for the Monaco Grand Prix, before following the same race order from 1961. The United States Grand Prix would serve as the penultimate round on the 7th of October ahead of an eleven week break before the season finale. The biggest ever sporting event in South Africa would end the season on the 29th of December, with the Championship potentially coming to a conclusion at the first World Championship level South African Grand Prix.
The full World Championship Schedule for 1962 is outlined below:
|1||Dutch Grand Prix||20 May|
|Official Title||X Grote Prijs van Nederland|
|Lap distance||4.193 km (2.606 mi)|
|Race distance||335.440 km (208.477 mi)|
|Local time||14:00 CEST||UTC||12:00|
|2||Monaco Grand Prix||3 June|
|Official Title||XX Grand Prix de Monaco|
|Circuit||Circuit de Monaco|
|Lap distance||3.145 km (1.955 mi)|
|Race distance||314.500 km (195.463 mi)|
|Local time||14:00 CEST||UTC||12:00|
|3||Belgian Grand Prix||17 June|
|Official Title||XXII Grand Prix de Belgique|
|Lap distance||14.120 km (8.776 mi)|
|Race distance||451.200 km (280.423 mi)|
|Local time||14:00 CEST||UTC||12:00|
|4||French Grand Prix||8 July|
|Official Title||XLVIII Grand Prix de l'ACF|
|Location||Rouen, Normandy, France|
|Lap distance||6.542 km (4.066 mi)|
|Race distance||353.268 km (219.557 mi)|
|Local time||14:00 CEST||UTC||12:00|
|5||British Grand Prix||21 July|
|Official Title||XV RAC British Grand Prix|
|Location||Aintree Circuit, Liverpool, England|
|Lap distance||4.828 km (3.001 mi)|
|Race distance||362.100 km (225.047 mi)|
|Local time||14:00 BST||UTC||13:00|
|6||German Grand Prix||5 August|
|Official Title||XXVI Grosser Preis von Deutschland|
|Location||Nürburg, West Germany|
|Lap distance||22.810 km (14.177 mi)|
|Race distance||342.150 km (212.648 mi)|
|Local time||14:00 CEST||UTC||12:00|
|7||Italian Grand Prix||16 September|
|Official Title||XXXIII Gran Premio d'Italia|
|Lap distance||5.750 km (3.574 mi)|
|Race distance||494.500 km (307.334 mi)|
|Local time||14:00 CEST||UTC||12:00|
|8||United States Grand Prix||7 October|
|Official Title||V United States Grand Prix|
|Location||Watkins Glen, New York, USA|
|Lap distance||3.701 km (2.3 mi)|
|Race distance||370.100 km (230.019 mi)|
|Local time||14:00 EDT||UTC||18:00|
|9||South African Grand Prix||29 December|
|Official Title||IX South African Grand Prix|
|Circuit||Prince George Circuit|
|Location||East London, South Africa|
|Lap distance||3.920 km (2.436 mi)|
|Race distance||321.415 km (199.761 mi)|
|Local time||15:00 SAST||UTC||13:00|
Non-Championship Schedule[edit | edit source]
In addition to the World Championship races, 20 independently organised Grand Prix were staged in 1962, all of which offered prize money to the winner. The non-Championship rounds also effectively extended the season by staging races in January, while simultaneously opening Formula One to other countries including Sweden and Denmark. 1962 would also witness the first Mexico Grand Prix ever to be held, appearing in early November as a non-Championship race.
Once again the drivers would not be restricted in competing in other categories during the season, with may attending the 24 Hours of Le Mans, won by defending World Champion Phil Hill. Various support races would also support the Formula One events across the year, the British Saloon Car Championship one of the primary categories for the British based races. Formula Junior would join the Grand Prix scene at World Championship rounds in Europe, enabling the next band of young talents to shine through.
Season Review[edit | edit source]
With an expanded calendar for 1962, the addition of the South African Grand Prix meaning that the World Championship would visit three continents. The season was set to kick off in the Netherlands, the event swapping with the Monaco Grand Prix for the season opener, following twelve non-Championship events and a winter of intense testing.
Pre-season[edit | edit source]
It had been a productive winter for the British constructors ahead of the 1962 Championship, as Cooper, Team Lotus and BRM led the charge to catch up to the all conquering Ferrari 156 which had dominated 1961. It was Lotus who claimed the spoils first, débuting the Lotus 24 which had been built around the now ready to race Climax FWMV V8 engine. The 24 was sold to many privateer outfits with a pair retained by Lotus themselves, before Colin Chapman begun development on the Lotus 25 which would début at the season opener. The Rob Walker Racing Team, UDT Laystall Racing Team and new entrant Jack Brabham would order the new 24, with the stock of Lotus 21s now sold on to privateers with lesser budgets.
BRM arrived for 1962 with their new car, the P57 which was fitted with a fuel injected engine of their own construction, producing 190 bhp making it the most powerful engine in the field. This car would also début in Zandvoort, although various units of the BRM engine did prove competitive in older chassis over the winter. Elsewhere, Cooper had built a new car, the T60 although they did not get to run the car in anger until the Netherlands race. Also joining the fray were Lola, a small outfit even by early F1 standards, with the British team building the Lola Mk4 which would run as an unknown at the start of the competitive season.
Porsche, meanwhile, were set to race with a new car, the 804 which now featured a "Flat 8" engine in the back producing 180 bhp. The West German car manufacturer had learnt a lot from 1961 and poured all they could into the 804 in the hopes of claiming a first Championship victory. This was in stark contrast to Ferrari, who would field the 156 once again, with no major updates being put onto the car before the season opener.
Just a month before the season kicked off there was a horrific accident at the X Glover Trophy meeting, a race which had been attended by many of the factory F1 racers. During the non-Championship race, four time World Championship runner-up Stirling Moss had hit an earth bank around Goodwood, obliterating his car and putting himself into a coma. The Englishman would wake from the coma just as the field began to arrive in Holland, but it would be the end of his racing career.
Round 1: 1962 Dutch Grand Prix[edit | edit source]
There was a shock in store for many at the season opening race at Zandvoort, as John Surtees put the new Lola-Climax on pole at its maiden race, beating the much fancied BRM of Graham Hill and the new "monocoque" Lotus 25 of Jim Clark. Jack Brabham put his privately entered Lotus on the grid in fourth, ahead of former team Cooper led by Bruce McLaren in fifth. Innes Ireland, now with privateers UDT Laystall would start the season ahead of Trevor Taylor, his replacement at Team Lotus, while Dan Gurney put the new Porsche into eighth for its début race. Defend World Champion Phil Hill was a disappointing ninth for Ferrari.
A superb start saw Clark roar into the lead ahead of Graham Hill, while a stunning start for Gurney put him into third from eighth on the grid. Surtees ran the opening lap in fourth ahead of a strong starting Phil Hill, before the American fell into a race long battle for fifth featuring several drivers, both past and future World Champions. Gurney and Surtees would slowly fall back into the chasing pack after the opening stages, with Clark and Hill running well ahead of the rest, before a clutch problem for the Scot saw him slowly get clawed in by the Englishman for the lead.
The clutch problem developed into a failure for Clark to force him out of the race, leaving Hill to dance his BRM to a maiden victory on his own. With Gurney and Surtees falling away to be engulfed in the titanic scrap for fifth, fourth and then second, Hill was able to take victory by almost half a minute, with Taylor prevailing from the group to snatch second. The first podium of the new season would be completed by Phil Hill, the American keeping the reliable Ferrari going to the flag as his rivals retired with mechanical problems, including accidents for Surtees and Brabham.
Round 2: 1962 Monaco Grand Prix[edit | edit source]
The field returned to the principality of Monaco for the second race of the season, the tight narrow city streets meaning that there would only be sixteen starts, ten of which would automatically qualify for the race. Regardless of his automatic qualification, it was Jim Clark who secured his maiden pole position, with Graham Hill and Bruce McLaren lining up alongside. Dan Gurney would qualify in fifth place, behind an excellent run from Willy Mairesse, the Belgian racer the fastest of the Ferraris and one of only five drivers within a second of Clark's time.
Yet, the talented Belgian would make headlines on Sunday at the start, with the scarlet Ferrari leaping into the lead off the line, only to carry too much speed into the first corner. The Belgian's late braking for the hairpin threw him into a spin, with the front three bunching up the field as they braked heavily in avoidence. The result was a huge accident that wrote of Maurice Trintignant's Lotus, with Gurney sustaining gearbox damage. Richie Ginther was the cause, having got out of shape while braking, and in hitting Gurney saw a wheel come off his car and fly over the straw bales ahead. Unfortunately, that wheel hit marshal Ange Baldoni square on in the chest, with the marshal succumbing to his injuries in hospital a few days later.
The chaotic start left Hill leading from McLaren and Clark, with the Scot retiring a short way into the race with a gearbox issue as he battled for the lead with Hill. With battles throughout the field, the Monaco Grand Prix of 1962 was filled with incident, further enhanced when Hill himself ground to a halt just a few laps from them end. An engine failure cost him a victory, with McLaren inheriting the win for Cooper-Climax ahead of Phil Hill and Lorenzo Bandini for Ferrari.
Round 3: 1962 Belgian Grand Prix[edit | edit source]
Formula One then headed to Spa Francorchamps for the third round of the World Championship, where Graham Hill claimed pole position by almost two seconds. A poor display by rival Jim Clark saw the Scot down in twelfth place after engine issues severely hampered his running, with his team mate Trevor Taylor making the front row instead. Bruce McLaren would start from second as the only man within two seconds of Hill, while Phil Hill, Innes Ireland and Willy Mairesse could be counted among those drivers to have completed the lap in under four minutes.
A stunning start saw Clark shoot into the leading pack from his lowly grid slot as Hill led from McLaren and Taylor. By the end of the lap the Scot was in fourth, taking the mightily impressive Mairesse just behind an increasingly confusing title fight. Taylor, McLaren and Hill swapped countless times before Clark managed to pick them off one by one, being allowed to escape to victory with Taylor putting together a fine defence from Hill, McLaren and Mairesse.
It was in this intense battle for second that Taylor and Mairesse became involved in a huge accident from which they were luvky to escape uninjured. They had managed to gap Hill and McLaren as the race came closer to its conclusion, with Mairesse trying to elbow his way past at Blanchimont, causing the two to touch. Traveling around the corner at over 100 mph the two were immediately thrown off the circuit and into the trees, with both drivers also catapulted from their cars. This was particularly fortunate for Mairesse, as his car spiralled into the air after hitting a ditch before landing and bursting into flame.
Round 4: 1962 French Grand Prix[edit | edit source]
Rouen-Les-Essarts was handed a rare opportunity to host the French Grand Prix in 1962, with the field arriving in Normandy in the north of France for the fourth race of the season. There were no surprises in qualifying, however, as Jim Clark claimed a second pole of the season, having worked throughout the two days of practice to lower the times. Graham Hill and Bruce McLaren would share the first row of the grid with him as usual, with Ferrari absent in their entirety after strikes in Italy.
Clark and Hill would do battle for the race lead once again in the early stages of the race, ahead of a fast starting John Surtees who claimed third from McLaren before the end of the first lap. They became engaged in a four way scrap for the lead until McLaren spun with an issue, while Hill used the situation to pull a few seconds clear. Surtees was the next to fall after another issue for the new Lola-Climax, leaving Clark to slowly draw Hill back in.
Surtees would fight back into the points with McLaren up ahead doing the same while Dan Gurney ran in third with his rivals falling by the way side. Then the lead was thrown into the American's lap, as Clark suffered a suspension failure before Hill saw his race ended with a fuel injector problem. Gurney would go on to claim a maiden victory for himself and Porsche, a lap ahead of second placed Tony Maggs, while BRM continued their scoring run with Richie Ginther in third.
Round 5: 1962 British Grand Prix[edit | edit source]
Round five of the World Championship was hosted at Aintree, and saw one of the most dominant displays in Formula One history. The man of the moment was Jim Clark, who took almost half a second out of the circuit record he set earlier in the year to claim pole position. The Scot would share the front row with John Surtees and Innes Ireland, while Bruce McLaren and Graham Hill would share the second row.
Another strong start for Clark saw him leap straight into the lead of the race, as Ireland suffered a transmission problem and was left stranded on the grid. Fortunately the Englishman's car was avoided by the rest of the field and was returned to the pits to be restarted. As Clark disappeared into the distance in the early stages, Surtees led a six way battle for second that featured Dan Gurney, McLaren, Hill, Jack Brabham and Masten Gregory, with Jo Bonnier catching the group soon after.
Clark's charge at the front saw him set faster and faster lap times, before finally settling for fastest lap of 1:55.0. Surtees managed to escape the group behind him, with Hill now leading a battle for third with Brabham and McLaren, Gurney and Bonnier having suffered mechanical issues to throw them out of the points. Clark now set about ensuring he won the race, coming within sight of lapping Hill as the race came to its conclusion. Having led every lap, won the race and claimed pole and fastest lap, Clark recorded his first Grand Chelem, beating Surtees by nearly 50 seconds with McLaren completing the podium.
Round 6: 1962 German Grand Prix[edit | edit source]
Dan Gurney claimed a suberb maiden pole position for Porsche at the Nürburgring, although the combined qualifying and practice sessions would be remembered for two huge accidents for Graham Hill and Tony Maggs. Englishman Hill was a short way behind Carel Godin de Beaufort through the sweeping drop through Fuchsröhre, and so could not be warned when the large camera mounted to the back of the Dutchman's car came off just after the crest of the corner. The Englishman hit the camera with enough force to rip the radiator from his car, dumping enough oil on the circuit that Hill's own car was carried into the trees. As Hill clambered out of his car Tony Maggs came charging through to slip on the oil, with his Cooper also carried into the forest.
Fortunately, both drivers were uninjured and would race on Sunday, Hill starting from second as rain soaked the circuit to cause a delay. As the field roared away from the grid an hour after scheduled, challenged Gurney through the opening lap, while Clark was left stranded on the grid having failed to start his fuel pumps. Clark lost twenty seconds as he waited for his fuel pumps to get fuel into the flow chambers once again, although by the end of the first lap the Scot was back into the top ten as Gurney caused cheers in the 360,000 strong crowd with his lead for Porsche.
The race was being staged in soaking wet conditions, and soon Hill and Surtees were able to sweep past the Porsche ahead to claim first and second, while Clark broke into the top four by taking Bruce McLaren. Hill, Surtees and Gurney, meanwhile, continued to battle for the lead, although the gaps would slowly grow between them over the final couple of laps. The order remained unchanged, with Hill sweeping to victory ahead of Surtees and Gurney, while Clark claimed third almost three quarters of a minute back.
Round 7: 1962 Italian Grand Prix[edit | edit source]
The Italian Grand Prix of 1962 would close out the European season of Formula One, with the race held on the 16th of September. Jim Clark claimed pole after the two days of practice, but he and team mate Trevor Taylor managed to use Team Lotus' entire supply of gearboxes, with both having to start the race with reconditioned units. The Scot's pole lap was a circuit record, although he only beat rival Graham Hill by a few hundredths of a second.
It was the Englishman Hill who claimed the lead on the opening lap, overcoming an excellent start from pole sitter Clark to lead through Curva Grande. They were quick to surge ahead from the rest, although by lap three Clark was in the pits with, shockingly given the rest of the weekend, a gearbox problem. Ten laps later the Scot was out entirely with a total failure, as Hill had help from team mate Richie Ginther in escaping at the front of the field.
The race became a battle for second with Hill disappearing further and further ahead of Ginther, who was working hard to keep John Surtees at bay. That fight was then over when Surtees dropped out with an engine failure, although he was only running a few seconds ahead of a large battle for third featuring the Cooper-Climax, Porsche, Ferrari and the UDT Laystall Racing Team drivers. Yet, this battle would slowly fall away in the closing stages as mechancial issues arose, leaving Bruce McLaren to claim third on the final lap from Willy Mairesse.
Round 8: 1962 United States Grand Prix[edit | edit source]
A picturesque Autumn day played host to the penultimate race of the season, as the F1 circus headed to Watkins Glen in New York, USA. Ferrari did not attend having nothing to fight for as they sat a lowly sixth in the Intercontinental Cup for Manufacturers, although their driver Phil Hill did head to his home race, only to learn that he had been sacked. Otherwise it was business as usual, with Jim Clark taking pole ahead of Richie Ginther and Graham Hill, the latter set to win the Championship if he could beat the Scot.
An early battle in the race saw Clark and Hill roar off to run on their own, exchanging fastest lap times well under Stirling Moss' lap record. The Scot led until lap twelve when Hill managed to find his way past as they came through lapped traffic. It also gave Hill a small lead, although as soon as they were in clear again the Scot made ground, and by lap nineteen it was the green and gold Lotus leading from the BRM.
Their remarkable pace saw them lap the entire field well before the end of the race, including a tense battle for third. Jack Brabham, Richie Ginther and Dan Gurney had all, at one time or another, run at the bottom step of the podium, before a charge by Bruce McLaren saw him leap onto the podium. Clark duly swept home to deny Hill the Championship, and gave himself an outside chance of the title if he could win in the season finale.
Round 9: 1962 South African Grand Prix[edit | edit source]
Three months after the battle around the Glen, the field arrived at the Prince George Circuit in South Africa for the season finale, although there was a dark mood around the paddock after two deaths in three non-Championship races. Both Ricardo Rodríguez and Gary Hocking met their demise in accidents, both while driving for the Rob Walker Racing Team who had already lost Stirling Moss from the service after his accident. Despite the bleak few weeks there was a Championship to be won, with Jim Clark taking pole from Graham Hill as they went head to head for the title.
For Clark, the race would be win or bust, regardless of Hill's result, and excellent start for the Lotus 25 saw him leap into the lead. Hill trailed in second, seeing his title inch ever so slightly further away with each lap as Clark danced the Lotus round the Prince George Circuit. A three way scrap for third developed, with John Surtees taking on the two Cooper-Climaxes of Tony Maggs and Bruce McLaren.
There were battles throughout the field, but with 20 laps to go it looked like the title was won, Clark now orbiting the circuit thirty seconds ahead of Hill. That was, until the Lotus came past trailing blue smoke, and on lap 63 of 82 the Scot was out, an oil leak destroying his engine and handing Hill the Championship. Hill, for his part, would complete the race without issue to claim his fourth victory of the season and his first World Championship title.
Non-Championship Races[edit | edit source]
Final Standings[edit | edit source]
The title battles for both the World Championship and the Intercontinental Cup for Manufacturers went to the final rounds, with both BRM and Lotus-Climax arriving in South Africa with a chance of claiming a double, or coming runner up in both. Their drivers, Graham Hill and Jim Clark respectively, headed to South Africa with three wins apiece, and with the knowledge that the winner of the final race would earn both themselves, and their teams, the titles.
Formula One World Championship[edit | edit source]
Hill ultimately led the Championship from beginning to end, his maiden title coming through victory in South Africa, a race the Clark had dominated until retiring with just twenty laps to go. Englishman Hill ended up with four wins and 42 points (52 when dropped scores were not factored in), meaning he was twelve ahead of the Scot at the end of the year. Bruce McLaren was a consistent podium finisher to claim third, while John Surtees continued development as a race car driver to claim fourth in the brand new Lola-Climax outfit. The top five was completed by Dan Gurney, who beat fellow countryman and now ex-World Champion Phil Hill down to sixth.
Tony Maggs claimed seventh in his début season for Cooper-Climax, claiming half the points of team mate McLaren, while Richie Ginther claimed eighth in the second BRM. Ninth place went to Jack Brabham through a combination of scorers in a customer Lotus and his Brabham BT3, the first Formula One car to carry his name. Trevor Taylor ended a promising season in tenth for Team Lotus ahead of a series of young talents who drove for Ferrari several times during the season, led by Giancarlo Baghetti.
|1st||Graham Hill||1st||6th||2nd||9th||4th||1st||1st||2nd||1st||42 (52)|
|3rd||Bruce McLaren||Ret||1st||Ret||4th||3rd||5th||3rd||3rd||2nd||27 (32)|
|17th||Carel Godin de Beaufort||6th||DNQ||7th||6th||14th||13th||10th||Ret||11th||2|
*Only a drivers' best five point scoring finishes counted towards their points total.
Intercontinental Cup for Manufacturers[edit | edit source]
An incredible season for BRM's lead driver Graham Hill was enough for them to claim the honours in the Intercontinental Cup for Manufacturers, claiming victory on four occasions, one better than closest challengers Team Lotus. Even without dropped scores, Lotus' total would not have been enough to deny BRM their maiden Championship, while a partially revived Cooper-Climax completed an all British one-two-three in the Championship. It had also been a successful début season for the Lola Mk4, which gave Lola-Climax their best ever Championship result by finishing fourth.
The success of the British constructors came at the cost of the major manufacturers, with Porsche and Ferrari tied on 18 points with just one win between them. It was Porsche whom claimed the victory out of the two, their only win in F1 to the point, and with spiralling costs, the German car manufacturer quit the Championship at the end of the season. Ferrari, in contrast, would continue on and hope to revive the Ferrari 156 which had dominated in 1961. Two other manufacturers secured points in 1962, Brabham-Climax taking points in two of their three races with their own machinery, while a privately entered BRM engined Lotus 24 claimed a point in the hands of Masten Gregory.
*Only the best placed driver for each constructor at each round had their points contribute to the Intercontinental Cup. Of these, only the five best points finishes were counted.
References[edit | edit source]
Images and Videos:
- 'THE DUTCH GRAND PRIX', motorsportmagazine.com, (Motor Sport Magazine, 12/07/1962), http://www.motorsportmagazine.com/archive/article/june-1962/12/dutch-grand-prix , (Accessed 26/05/2016)
- 'XXI Belgian Grand Prix', motorsportmagazine.com, (Motor Sport Magazine, 14/07/1962), http://www.motorsportmagazine.com/archive/article/july-1962/14/xxi-belgian-grand-prix , (Accessed 27/05/2016)
- 'GRAND PRIX RESULTS: FRENCH GP, 1962', grandprix.com, (Inside F1 Inc., 2016), http://www.grandprix.com/gpe/rr106.html, (Accessed 28/05/2016)
- '15TH R.A.C. BRITISH GRAND PRIX', motorsportmagazine.com, (Motor Sport Magazine, 01/08/1962), http://www.motorsportmagazine.com/archive/article/august-1962/14/15th-rac-british-grand-prix, (Accessed 28/05/2016)
- 'The 9th South African Grand Prix', motorsportmagazine.com, (Motor Sport Magazine, 01/02/1963), http://www.motorsportmagazine.com/archive/article/february-1963/28/9th-south-african-grand-prix, (Accessed 31/05/2016)
- 'XX Grand Prix of Monaco', motorsportmagazine.com, (Motor Sport Magazine, 20/07/1962), http://www.motorsportmagazine.com/archive/article/july-1962/20/xx-grand-prix-monaco, (Accessed 26/05/2016)
- 'GRAND PRIX RESULTS: MONACO GP, 1962', grandprix.com, (Inside F1 Inc., 2016), http://www.grandprix.com/gpe/rr104.html, (Accessed 26/05/2016)
- 'XXIV GERMAN GRAND PRIX', motorsportmagazine.com, (Motor Sport Magazine, 01/09/1962), http://www.motorsportmagazine.com/archive/article/september-1962/51/xxiv-german-grand-prix, (Accessed 29/05/2016)
- 'XXXIII ITALIAN GRAND PRIX: Grand Slam for BRM', motorsportmagazine.com, (Motor Sport Magazine, 01/10/1962), http://www.motorsportmagazine.com/archive/article/october-1962/11/xxxiii-italian-grand-prix, (Accessed 30/05/2016)
- '4th United States Grand Prix', motorsportmagazine.com, (Motor Sport Magazine, 01/11/1962), http://www.motorsportmagazine.com/archive/article/november-1962/22/4th-united-states-grand-prix, (Accessed 30/05/2016)
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