The 1955 Argentine Grand Prix (formally the III Gran Premio de la Republica Argentina) was the first race of the 1955 Formula One Season and the third Argentine Grand Prix. It was held at the Autódromo 17 de Octubre on 16 January 1955.
Run in extremely hot conditions, the race was won by Juan Manuel Fangio, ahead of the shard drive of José Froilán González, Giuseppe Farina and Maurice Trintignant. Farina and Trintignant, along with Umberto Maglioli, also finished third. Fangio took the fastest lap. The conditions caused many drivers to stop for relief, which resulted in drivers sharing different cars. The situation was so confusing that the organizers called in an accounting firm to audit the results.
As a result of the shared drives, Fangio lead the championship, 5 2⁄3 points ahead of Farina and Trintignant.
The first race of the season, four months ahead of the second, was to the third held at the Autódromo 17 de Octubre.
Ferrari, having lost Mike Hawthorn to Vanwall, entered with 1950 champion Giuseppe Farina, Argentine José Froilán González, Frenchman Maurice Trintignant and spare driver Umberto Magioli for just his fifth race.
Maserati took new recruit Jean Behra to race alongside Luigi Musso, and Sergio Mantovani and Harry Schell as Roberto Mieres got to drive his home race. Local drivers Carlos Menditeguy and Clemar Bucci also drove for the team.
Qualifying Report Edit
Qualifying Results Edit
|1||12||José Froilán González||Ferrari||1:43.1||—|
|2||32||Alberto Ascari||Lancia||1:43.6||+ 0.5|
|3||2||Juan Manuel Fangio||Mercedes||1:43.7||+ 0.6|
|4||16||Jean Behra||Maserati||1:43.8||+ 0.7|
|5||10||Giuseppe Farina||Ferrari||1:43.9||+ 0.8|
|6||4||Karl Kling||Mercedes||1:44.1||+ 1.0|
|7||28||Harry Schell||Maserati||1:44.3||+ 1.2|
|8||6||Stirling Moss||Mercedes||1:44.6||+ 1.5|
|9||40||Pablo Birger||Gordini||1:44.8||+ 1.7|
|10||8||Hans Herrmann||Mercedes||1:44.9||+ 1.8|
|11||34||Luigi Villoresi||Lancia||1:45.2||+ 2.1|
|12||36||Eugenio Castellotti||Lancia||1:45.3||+ 2.2|
|13||24||Carlos Menditeguy||Maserati||1:45.4||+ 2.3|
|14||14||Maurice Trintignant||Ferrari||1:45.8||+ 2.7|
|15||38||Élie Bayol||Gordini||1:46.1||+ 3.0|
|16||18||Roberto Mieres||Maserati||1:46.2||+ 3.1|
|17||42||Jesús Iglesias||Gordini||1:46.3||+ 3.2|
|18||22||Luigi Musso||Maserati||1:46.4||+ 3.3|
|19||20||Sergio Mantovani||Maserati||1:46.4||+ 3.3|
|20||26||Clemar Bucci||Maserati||1:47.6||+ 4.5|
|21||30||Alberto Uria||Maserati||1:52.1||+ 9.0|
|______________||2||José Froilán González|
|4||Juan Manuel Fangio|
The cars seemed closely matched and on the front row of the grid was one of each of the cars from the big four teams: Gonzalez just ahead of Ascari, Fangio and Behra.
Race day was extremely hot and Fangio delighted the locals by getting into the lead on the first lap with Ascari and a fast-starting Stirling Moss chasing him. Then came Gonzalez and Farina.
Fangio's lead did not last long. Ascari challenged him and got ahead only to lose the lead soon afterwards to a flying Gonzalez. The racing stayed close in the early laps but on lap 22 Ascari made a mistake and crashed. His Lancia team mate Villoresi was already out because of early mechanical trouble and had taken over Castellotti's car but before Ascari could claim the car, Villoresi crashed, ending the Lancia challenge.
Moss disappeared with a fuel feed problem and a few laps later Trintignant went out with an engine problem.
And then the heat began to tell on the drivers. Farina pitted because he was exhausted, his car being taken over by Ferrari's spare driver Umberto Maglioli. Then Gonzalez came into the pits and so a revived Farina was sent out in his place. Fangio had to stop for some water and this enabled Schell and Mieres to go ahead although an exhausted Schell was soon handing over to Behra. Mieres ran into technical trouble and that meant that Fangio was soon back in the lead.
He was caught in the closing laps by Gonzalez - who was back in his own car which had been driven in the interim by Farina and Trintignant - but he then had an accident and ruined his chances. He did manage to rejoin and handed the car back to Farina who brought the Ferrari home in second place.
Third place in this complicated race went to Farina's original car which had been driven by Maglioli and then handed on to Trintignant before being handed back to Maglioli.
The hottest F1 race at the time meant that multiple drivers required replacements, and only Juan Manuel Fangio and Roberto Mieres survived the whole race without partaking in a shared drive. All in all, sixteen replacements took place, and three of the shared drives scored points, and while Fangio took the fastest lap, nine drivers scored points, and Fangio was left with a lead of 5 2⁄3 points in the championship over both Giuseppe Farina and Maurice Trintignant. Trintignant, Jean Behra and Harry Schell all managed to drive three different cars during the race.
Fangio suffered severe burns to his right leg after it rubbed against some exhaust-heated chassis frame for the duration of the race. It took the Argentine three months to recover, but he did not miss any championship events.
Note: The lap figures are the number of laps driven in the car of each entrant, not the individual stints.
Per car Edit
|No.||Pos.||Laps||Starting drive||Second drive||Third drive||Points|
|8||4th||94||Hans Herrmann||30||Karl Kling||30||Stirling Moss||34||3||1|
|10||3rd||94||Giuseppe Farina||50||Umberto Maglioli||22||Maurice Trintignant||22||4||1 1⁄3|
|12||2nd||96||José Froilán González||60||Giuseppe Farina||20||Maurice Trintignant||16||6||2|
|20||Ret||54||Sergio Mantovani||30||Jean Behra||14||Luigi Musso||10||0||0|
|22||7th||83||Luigi Musso||50||Sergio Mantovani||20||Harry Schell||13||0||0|
|26||Ret||54||Clemar Bucci||30||Harry Schell||14||Carlos Menditeguy||10||0||0|
|28||6th||88||Harry Schell||50||Jean Behra||38||0||0|
|36||Ret||35||Eugenio Castellotti||20||Luigi Villoresi||15||0||0|
Per driver Edit
|Driver||Starting drive||Second drive||Third drive||Totals|
|Giuseppe Farina||10||50/94||3rd||1 1⁄3||12||20/96||2nd||2||70||3 1⁄3|
|José Froilán González||12||60/96||2nd||2||60||2|
|Umberto Maglioli||10||22/94||3rd||1 1⁄3||22||1 1⁄3|
|Maurice Trintignant||14||36/36||Ret||0||12||16/96||2nd||2||10||22/94||3rd||1 1⁄3||74||3 1⁄3|
Note: No other fastest laps were recorded.
|2||Juan Manuel Fangio||Mercedes||45||1:48.3||130.039||1|
Laps in the lead Edit
By Lap Edit
|1||Juan Manuel Fangio||1 – 2||2||7.824 km|
|2||Alberto Ascari||3 – 4||2||7.824 km|
|3||José Froilán González||5 – 10||6||23.472 km|
|4||Alberto Ascari||11 – 21||11||43.032 km|
|5||José Froilán González||22 – 25||4||15.648 km|
|6||Juan Manuel Fangio||26 – 34||9||35.208 km|
|7||Harry Schell||35 – 38||4||15.648 km|
|8||Roberto Mieres||39 – 42||4||15.648 km|
|9||Juan Manuel Fangio||43 – 96||54||211.248 km|
|1||Juan Manuel Fangio||65||254.280 km|
|2||Alberto Ascari||13||50.856 km|
|3||José Froilán González||10||39.120 km|
|4||Harry Schell||4||15.648 km|
|Roberto Mieres||4||15.648 km|
- Joint-hottest F1 race with 1984 Dallas Grand Prix and 2005 Bahrain Grand Prix, at 40°C (104°F), although Dallas would have registered hotter if the race had not started in the morning.
- Championship débuts for Eugenio Castellotti, Alberto Uria.
- Only race for Jesús Iglesias.
- Last race for Pablo Birger, Clemar Bucci and Sergio Mantovani.
- Juan Manuel Fangio's 14th win put him clear in the list of most victories. It was also his 20th podium finish.
- Fifth win for Mercedes.
- 3rd (and final) pole position and 15th (and final) podium for José Froilán González.
- 2nd (and final) podium for Umberto Maglioli.
Standings after race Edit
Drivers Championship only
|Drivers' World Championship|
|1||Juan Manuel Fangio||9|
|2||Giuseppe Farina||3 1⁄3|
|Maurice Trintignant||3 1⁄3|
|4||José Froilán González||2|
|6||Umberto Maglioli||1 1⁄3|
|V T E||Argentine Grand Prix|
|Circuits||Buenos Aires (1953 - 1958, 1960, 1971 - 1975, 1977 - 1981, 1995 - 1998)|
|Races||1953 • 1954 • 1955 • 1956 • 1957 • 1958 • 1959 • 1960 • 1961–1970 • 1972 • 1973 • 1974 • 1975 • 1977 • 1978 • 1979 • 1980 • 1981 • 1982–1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998|